Pope in Bahrain: Thousands of Christians from the Gulf flock to Pope’s visit
The English-language liturgy was aimed at the South Asian migrant workers who make up the bulk of the Gulf's Catholics, with prayers in Malay, Tagalog and Tamil and a priest offering English translations of the pope's native Spanish homily.
Pilgrims wearing white caps waved the yellow and white flags of the Holy See as Francis travelled around the Bahrain National Stadium in his popemobile before Mass. A big cheer erupted when he kissed a young girl in a pink dress who was brought to the vehicle.
According to the Vatican, local organisers estimated some 30,000 people attended the service. Organisers had said that passes to the event were snapped up within two days of them becoming available, with pilgrims coming from Saudi Arabia, Kuwait and other Gulf countries.
"This is actually a very huge honour," said Bijoy Joseph, an Indian living in Saudi Arabia who attended. "This is like a blessing for us to be part of our Holy Father's papal Mass in Bahrain."
Pope Francis is on the first-ever papal visit to the island kingdom that lies off the coast of Saudi Arabia. The primary aim was to participate in a government-sponsored interfaith conference to promote Catholic-Muslim dialogue.
But for the final two days, he focused on ministering to the Catholic community, a minority in the country of around 1.5 million.
Most are workers from India, Pakistan, the Philippines and other South Asian countries, many of whom have left behind their families to work in Bahrain's construction, oil extraction and domestic service industries.
In his homily, Pope Francis urged them to do good, and turn the other cheek, "even when evil is done to us".
"There will be cases of friction, moments of tension, conflicts and opposing viewpoints, but those who follow the Prince of Peace must always strive for peace. And peace cannot be restored if a harsh word is answered with an even harsher one," he said.
"No, we need to 'disarm', to shatter the chains of evil, to break the spiral of violence, and to put an end to resentment, complaints and self-pity."
Sebastian Fernandez, an Indian living in Bahrain, said he was blessed to be able to attend. "It will be a fruitful Mass and we are happy to see our pope," he said.
After the Mass, Pope Francis was meeting young people at the Sacred Heart school, which dates from the 1940s and is affiliated with the church of the same name that was the first Catholic Church built in the Gulf.
The Pope ends his visit on Sunday meeting priests and nuns at the church.