Obituary: Jean-Paul Belmondo,  iconic actor who became face of French New Wave

Jean-Paul Belmondo, actor. Born: 9 April, 1933, in Neuilly-sur-Seine, France. Died: 6 September, 2021 in Paris, France, aged 88

Jean-Paul Belmondo appeared in more than 80 films and worked with a variety of major French directors

Jean-Paul Belmondo, star of the iconic French New Wave film Breathless, whose crooked boxer's nose and rakish grin went on to make him one of the country's most recognisable leading men, has died. He was 88.

In a career spanning 50 years, Belmondo embodied in the 1960s a new type of male star characterised by pure virility rather than their classic good looks.

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He went on to appear in more than 80 films and worked with a variety of major French directors, from Francois Truffaut to Claude Lelouch.

His career choices were equally varied, from acclaimed arthouse films to critically lukewarm action and comedy films later on in his career.

His unconventional looks – flattened nose, full lips and muscular frame – allowed him to play roles from thug to police officer, thief to priest, Cyrano de Bergerac to an unshakable secret agent. Belmondo was also a gifted athlete who often did his own stunts.

He was born on April 9, 1933, in the Paris suburb of Neuilly-sur-Seine into an artistic family. His father was renowned sculptor Paul Belmondo and his mother, Sarah Rainaud-Richard, was a painter.

Belmondo played football and trained as a boxer before quitting school at the age of 16.

He took up acting in the 1950s at the Paris Conservatory, where one of his teachers, Pierre Dux, famously told him that his career as a leading man was doomed because of his looks. People would burst into laughter if they saw an actress in Belmondo's arms, Dux said, according to biographer Bertrand Tessier.

French theatre critic Jean-Jacques Gautier wasn't impressed either, once saying: "Mr Belmondo will never enjoy success with his ruffian's mug."

At his final conservatory competition, the jury failed to give him the recognition he thought he deserved – so he gave the judges an obscene parting gesture.

The star began acting in small provincial theatres and caught the eye of aspiring filmmaker Jean-Luc Godard in Paris in 1958, who asked him to appear in a short film.

At first, Belmondo didn't take Godard seriously.

"I spoke to my wife about it, and she said, 'Go ahead. If [Godard] hassles you, punch him,'" Belmondo told the Liberation newspaper in 1999.

Belmondo was given his first important role by director Claude Sautet in Classe Tous Risques (Consider All Risks) in which he starred alongside Lino Ventura in 1960. The same year, Godard called Belmondo back to appear in À Bout De Souffle – Breathless – which became one of the breakthrough films of the French New Wave.

The movement, which included Truffaut, grouped filmmakers of the late 1950s and 1960s who abandoned traditional narrative techniques and were known for their mood of youthful iconoclasm.

Belmondo played opposite American actress Jean Seberg, who appeared as the street-smart aspiring reporter who, in the film's key moment, sold the International Herald Tribune on the Champs-Elysees in Paris.

He sometimes said that he acted in Godard's first film and would act in his last.

But he didn't link his name exclusively with one director and worked with most of France's top filmmakers – and many of Europe's most well-known actresses, including Jeanne Moreau and Sophia Loren.

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Following the huge success of Breathless, Belmondo showed the vast array of his talent and his versatility in dramas (Leon Morin, Pretre), arthouse movies (Moderato Cantabile) and blockbusters (Cartouche).

In Un Singe en Hiver, a French classic directed by Henri Verneuil in 1962, Belmondo impressed the legendary Jean Gabin.

"You won't tell me any more: 'If only I had a young Gabin.' You have him!" Gabin told the director of Belmondo.

In Truffaut's 1969 Mississippi Mermaid, Belmondo played a tobacco farmer and starred opposite Catherine Deneuve. Belmondo and Danish-born Anna Karina played a couple on the run in Godard's 1965 Pierrot le Fou. Belmondo also won a Cesar – the French equivalent of an Oscar – for his role in Lelouch's 1988 film Itinerary of a Spoiled Child, his final big success.

During the second half of his career, Belmondo opted for high-paying roles in commercially successful action films. He played a tough detective in Cop or Hooligan, and a Second World War ace in Champion Of Champions.

In the 1980s Belmondo returned to the stage, his first love, and won back the doubting critics.

His comeback role was in a 1987 Paris production of Kean, about an actor famous for his uncontrollable temper and genius.

Belmondo, who had recovered from a brain problem back in 2001, was married twice, to fellow actor Élodie Constantin between 1952 and 1968, and dancer Natty Tardivel from 2002-8. He also had high-profile relationships with actresses Ursula Andress and Laura Antonelli.

He is survived by three children, Florence, Paul, and Stella Eva Angelina. Another daughter, Patricia, died in 1994.

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