It is understood a “large amount” of litter and rubbish was left by campers near Loch Earn in Loch Lomond and the Trossachs National Park on 20 March.
An extensive investigation was launched and officers confirmed have traced someone in connection with the incident.
A 22-year-old man has since been arrested over with the damage caused and is due to appear in court next week.
A police spokesman said: “We can confirm a 22-year-old man has been arrested and charged in connection with an offence under the Environmental Protection Act.
"The incident occurred near Loch Earn within the Loch Lomond and the Trossachs National Park on Saturday, 20 March.
"He is due to appear at Falkirk Sheriff Court on Monday, 5 May."