The incident happened around 6.30pm on Thursday, April 15.
A 10-year-old girl was standing outside the Spar on Freuchie High Street with her friends when she was approached by a man who owned a black van with tinted windows.
A Police Scotland spokesperson said: “Police enquiries are ongoing following a report of a 10 year-old girl approached by a man outside Spar on High Street, Freuchie around 6.30pm on Thursday, 16 April.
"The man had been in the shop before the incident and he drove off in a black van.
“The young girl was with her friends at the time and officers are currently carrying out enquiries to establish more information and trace the man involved.
“Anyone with information should contact officers through 101 quoting reference number 3550 of 15 April.”