The fire service said the crew came “under attack” after being called out to a bin fire at Lenzie Terrace, Springburn, at 9.10pm on Saturday.
One firefighter sustained minor injuries and was taken to the city’s Royal Infirmary Hospital for treatment while the rest of the crew had to leave the scene.
A separate crew were given police protection when they were called out to a second bin fire in the same area at 9.55pm, which was extinguished without incident.
Scottish Fire and Rescue Service assistant chief officer Lewis Ramsay said the attack was “completely unacceptable”.
He said: “Our firefighters’ main purpose is to save lives.
“You can rest assured that they will always be there and standing on the front line to help at times of emergency.
“These firefighters are your father, mother, brother or sister, someone’s family.
“It beggars belief when I hear that they have either been physically assaulted or verbally abused when trying to assist their communities.
“Attacks on emergency responders are completely unacceptable and I am sure the public would be outraged by incidents where their firefighters have been targeted.
“This type of behaviour not only prevents our crews from bringing any emergency to a safe and swift conclusion but it can impact on our emergency service colleagues including the police when they have to escort us at the scene.
“But be left in absolutely no doubt that it is often down to a very small minority of individuals within those communities.
“I would like to take this opportunity to stress once again that this will not be tolerated because our firefighters absolutely do not deserve to be met with such behaviour.”