The US group is buying the HTC engineering team that built the Pixel smartphone for Google in a cash deal, the companies said in a joint statement. Google is also getting a non-exclusive licence for Taiwan-based HTC’s intellectual property to help support Pixel phones.
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The deal underscores how serious Google is becoming about designing its own family of devices to compete against Apple and Amazon in a high-stakes battle to become the technological hub of people’s lives.
“We think this is a very important step for Google in our hardware efforts,” Rick Osterloh, Google’s senior vice-president of hardware, said at a press conference in Taipei.
“We’ve been focusing on building our core capabilities. But with this agreement, we’re taking a very large leap forward.”
The deal, which needs regulatory approval, is expected to close by early next year.
Over the past decade, Google had focused on giving away its Android operating system to an array of device makers, including HTC, to ensure people would keep using its ubiquitous search engine, email, maps, YouTube video service and other software on smartphones and other pieces of hardware.
But that changed last year when Google stamped its brand on a smartphone and internet-connected speaker. HTC manufactured the Pixel phones that Google designed last year, paving the way for this deal to unfold.
HTC chief financial officer Peter Shen said about 2,000 engineers will be transferred to Google, Taiwan’s Central News Agency reported. The staff are “primarily focused on research and development,” Osterloh said.
Although Android powers about four out of every five smartphones and other mobile devices in the world, the software can be altered in ways that result in Google’s services receiving less emphasis or left out completely from the pre-installed set of apps.
That fragmentation threatens to undercut Google’s ability to increase the ad sales that bring in most of the revenue to its corporate parent, Alphabet Inc, as people spend more and more time on smartphones and other devices instead of personal computers.
Apple’s iPhone and other hardware products are also particularly popular among affluent consumers prized by advertisers, giving Google another incentive to develop its own high-priced phone as a mobile platform for its products and ads.
Google also wants to build more internet-connected devices designed primarily for home usage, such as its voice-controlled speaker that’s trying to catch up with Amazon’s Echo. The Home speaker includes a digital concierge, called Google Assistant, that answers questions and helps manage people’s lives, much like the Alexa in Amazon’s Echo.
Google’s previous forays into hardware haven’t panned out to be big winners so far. It paid $12.5bn for smartphone maker Motorola Mobility five years ago only to sell it off to Lenovo Group for less than $3bn after struggling to make a dent in the market. And in 2014, Google paid more than $3bn for home device maker Nest Labs, which is still struggling to make money under Alphabet’s ownership.
The latest purchase is a big gamble for Google. and parent company Alphabet, but analysts say this time it could pay off. That’s because it gives a financial lifeline to Google’s struggling Taiwanese partner while giving the Silicon Valley giant access to the strong R&D talent it needs in order to expand its share in the coveted premium smartphone market.
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It’s “a business decision to have access to one of the best R&D teams,” said Neil Shah, research director at Counterpoint Technology Market Research. But it’s also “a sort of emotional decision to save its close partners.”
HTC, which teamed up with Google in 2008, has seen its market share shrink dramatically in the past decade in the fiercely competitive smartphone market. Its share of the global smartphone market fell to less than 1 per cent last year from nearly 9 per cent in 2011, according to Counterpoint data.
One risk, though, is that expanding into hardware threatens to further alienate Android-based device makers like Samsung Electronics, which has been forging closer ties with Google’s rival Facebook, and China’s Huawei.
Analysts also predicted Samsung could be the biggest loser as Pixel phones undercut the South Korean tech giant’s market-leading smartphone business as consumers potentially turned off by high priced Galaxy devices defect to the Pixel, which is slightly cheaper and has Google’s newest software.