The suspensions have been announced by the Russian athletics federation and they come a day after French police announced an investigation into the former IAAF president, Lamine Diack, who is suspected of receiving €1 million to cover up doping offences by Russian athletes.
The Wada report into the scandal is to be published on Monday.
A statement on the Russian federation’s website said three athletes had been banned on the basis of information received from the Russian anti-doping agency Rusada and the other two disqualified on the basis of the documents received from the IAAF.
The athletes are marathon runner Maria Konovalova, who finished second at the Chicago Marathon in 2010 and third in 2013, banned for two years for irregularities in her biological passport, and Olympic hammer thrower Maria Bespalova, banned for four years after testing positive for a steroid.
The runners Vlas Bredikhin and Yaroslav Kholopov were both banned for four years, and race walker Yevgeny Nushtayev received a six-month ban, the federation said.
The IAAF scandal erupted on Wednesday when prosecutors from the Parquet National Financier (PNF) – the office that handles financial prosecutions in France – confirmed that Diack is being investigated.
Diack and his adviser Habib Cisse have been formally interviewed, sources with knowledge of the investigation have confirmed. The IAAF’s anti-doping director Gabriel Dolle has been taken into custody.
Prosecutors said the investigations included a probe into allegations that Diack was paid more than €1m to cover up positive drugs tests.
Officers visited the headquarters of international athletics in Monaco on Tuesday and took documents, a statement from the IAAF confirmed.
It is understood IAAF president Lord Coe, who took over from Diack in August, was at the offices at the time and volunteered to speak to the investigators.
An IAAF statement said: “The IAAF confirms that, emanating from separate ongoing investigations by Wada’s independent commission and the IAAF’s own independent Ethics Commission into allegations surrounding its anti-doping rules and regulations, a French police investigation has now commenced.
“The IAAF is fully co-operating with all investigations as it has been from the beginning of the process.
“As part of the French investigation, police visited the IAAF HQ offices yesterday to carry out interviews and to access documentation.”
The scandal broke in late 2014 when German broadcaster ARD alleged a number of positive dope tests involving Russian athletes were covered up by IAAF officials.
Several IAAF officials are implicated in covering up Russian doping including Diack’s son, IAAF marketing consultant Pape Massata Diack. The others were Valentin Balakhnichev, the IAAF treasurer and Russian Athletics Federation president, and Cisse, who worked for the IAAF as legal adviser. All three agreed to stand down from their positions pending an investigation.
Wada later released a short statement in which it said that the investigations had been prompted by its information.
“Wada is aware of the ongoing criminal investigations relating to sport officials and allegations of corruption and money-laundering, as announced by the French authorities earlier today. These investigations are a result of information passed on by Wada’s Independent Commission (IC) to the relevant authorities,” the statement read.
Wada then said that the IC’s chair, Dick Pound, would be making public his findings in Geneva on Monday.