Dodds, 49, has been selected for the post for his “experience in the private and public sports sectors”, according to a press release on his appointment.
As well as being playing tennis for his country, he is the current Chair of Tennis Scotland and is also UK President of the European Capital of Sport Association.
“We are delighted to have attracted somebody of Blane’s talent and experience to Scottish Golf,” said Eleanor Cannon, Chair of Scottish Golf.
“The Board was excited at the vision and ambition articulated by Blane during the recruitment process and look forward to working with him and the team to better support our clubs and encourage more people into the game.”
Dodds, a keen golfer who plays off seven at Kilmacolm, was most recently the CEO of North Lanarkshire Leisure.
“Being asked to lead the governing body of amateur golf in Scotland is a great honour and I look forward to going round the country to better understand the challenges faced by clubs and golfers,” he said.
“I want to ensure this great game continues to be at the heart of communities across Scotland and will work hard to build the partnerships needed to achieve that, putting down strong foundations for future generations of golfers.”