Andrew Phillips will succeed Clare Whyte, who announced her intention to step down from the role in November last year.
Since Whyte’s departure, the Compliance Officer's work has been carried out by a panel of three retired match officials.
Phillips will start his new role on Monday March 1, and joins Scottish football’s governing body from Jones Whyte Law, where he has been practising as a solicitor advocate in criminal and regulatory defence.
He is the fourth person to fill the role, after Vincent Lunny, Tony McGlennan, and Whyte.
Phillips, who is dual-qualified having passed the New York Bar Exam, said he was looking forward to a change in remit.
He added: “Becoming Compliance Officer is a fantastic opportunity for me to combine my professional expertise with my passion for football.
“I look forward to starting next month. I already have a knowledge and understanding of the Judicial Panel Protocol and disciplinary process and I'm extremely keen to meet with clubs, as well as Scottish FA colleagues, to foster a mutually respectful working relationship.
“Scottish football is tremendously entertaining and plays a huge part in the lives of many people. My aim is to ensure that the balance of coverage and commentary is focused on the football. To achieve that requires engagement across the game and it’s a challenge I look forward to undertaking.”
Scottish FA Chief Executive Ian Maxwell added: “The Compliance Officer position plays a vital role within our game. Andrew’s work within the legal profession as well as his knowledge and understanding of football made him the right candidate.”