Mike Russell sparked anger among opponents when he used the term "Ragman Rolls" as he listed the Scots Tories who backed the Brexit deal on social media.
The term is a reference to the Scottish nobility who swore allegiance to King Edward I of England in 13th century.
"Sadly this is all part of a pattern where those associated with the SNP demonise and ‘other’ those of different opinions," he said on Twitter.
"Worrying to see a @scotgov Minister stoop to this. @NicolaSturgeon needs to condemn this behaviour & demand that @Feorlean (Mr Russell apologises."
He tweeted: "Scottish MPs who voted tonight for Prime Minister’s awful deal which would cripple Scotland & their constituencies: Andrew Bowie, Colin Clark, David Duguid, Luke Graham, Bill Grant, Kirstene Hair, Alister Jack, Stephen Kerr, John Lamont, Paul Masterton, David Mundell. #RagmanRoll."
Mr Russell prompted anger yesterday when he claimed that Ms Sturgeon had been told she was "not bright enough" to understand the Brexit deal dueintg a meeting with Mrs May. This was denied by the Prime Minister.