Surgeons’ Hall Museums, part of the Royal College of Surgeons Edinburgh, has undergone an extensive modernisation over the past 18 months.
The capital attraction, which documents the history of surgical developments, will now have on display artefacts and specimens that have never been seen for close to two centuries.
Officials at the museums say the revamp - the first time the building has been radically altered since 1908 - will allow the public to learn more about anatomy, while also inspiring the next generation of surgeons.
As part of the multi-million pound redevelopment, the number of items on show has doubled, with some high-profile new additions. They include a reproduction of a 17th-century dissection theatre where visitors will be able to use digital technology to experience a dissection of a human body just as students did 300 years ago.
Another exhibit is a full-scale Vitruvian man made from medical prosthetics. Visitors will also be able to try their hand at a variety of surgical techniques and learn more about surgical specialities and operations. These new displays will be housed alongside some of the museums’ best-known artefacts, such as a pocket book made from the skin of the infamous murderer William Burke, and exhibits relating to Dr Joseph Bell, Sir Arthur Conan Doyle’s teacher and the main inspiration for Sherlock Holmes.
Ian Ritchie, president of the Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh, said: “Surgeons’ Hall Museums and its collections are a very important part of the heritage of the college and an equally important part of its future.
“Through the museums, the college can reach visitors from across the globe and inspire the next generation of surgeons.”
Originally developed as a single teaching museum for students of medicine, the museums’ pathology collection has been open to the public since 1832, making the Wohl Pathology museum which houses it Scotland’s oldest museum. That museum is now part of a group of collections, including The History of Surgery museum and The Dental Collection, which chart the transition of medicine from perceived witchcraft through to a recognised science.
Chris Henry, director of heritage at the Royal College of Surgeons Edinburgh, added: “The collections are quite unique in their content and also in that they are displayed in a building originally constructed to house them nearly 200 years ago.
“This was a major challenge of the redevelopment project, to enhance the public space within the museums and to ensure accessibility, whilst maintaining the integrity of the William Playfair-designed building which forms the Wohl museum.”
The collection opens its doors to the public today and will be officially unveiled on Monday by the Duke of Edinburgh.