Traditions of Easter ... historical meaning and significance explained

Chocolate Easter Eggs are a traditional gift at this time of year (photo: adobe)
Chocolate Easter Eggs are a traditional gift at this time of year (photo: adobe)

Seasonal spotlight on quirkiest of customs from chocolate to hot cross buns, Simnel cake to Good Friday fish dish, egg painting, hunting, rolling and jarping.

Annually many of us observe “traditions” associated with Easter.

But, do we really understand how and why these traditions came about and the meanings behind them? Steve Cain explains.

Chocolate Easter eggs

Advertisement

Hide Ad
Chocolate Easter Eggs are a traditional gift at this time of year (photo: adobe)

Eggs are symbolic of new life and rebirth.

During medieval times the eating of eggs was prohibited during Lent (the six week period leading up to Easter), so on Easter Sunday scoffing an egg was an absolute treat.

This was particularly so for the poorer folk who could scant afford luxuries like meat.

Advertisement

Hide Ad

Churches received eggs from parishioners as Good Friday offerings and, sometimes, the lord of the manor would be presented with an egg from villagers.

There are superstitions relating to eggs too.

If a hen laid an egg on Good Friday and it was kept for a century, it was believed the egg would turn into diamonds.

An egg with a double-yolk was thought to be a sign of prosperity in the future.

Advertisement

Hide Ad

It was also thought that if an egg which was cooked on Good Friday wasn’t eaten until Easter Sunday, it would improve a person’s fertility and also prevent unforeseen death.

Instead of gifting real chicken, duck or goose eggs at Easter, we now present chocolate eggs, with around 80 million being purchased in the UK every year.

On average, each child in Britain will receive up to eight Easter eggs.

The first chocolate Easter eggs originated in France and Germany in the 19th century.

Advertisement

Hide Ad

In 1873, the first hollow chocolate Easter egg, as we now know it, was produced by JS Fry & Sons and Cadbury.

Hot cross buns

Hot Cross Buns have deep religious significance at Easter (photo: adobe)

Hot cross buns are much more than sweet and spicy rolls marking the end of Lent.

Advertisement

Hide Ad

According to superstitions dating back to medieval times, a hot cross bun hung from the kitchen ceiling on

Good Friday was supposed to ward off evil spirits, bring good luck to the household and guarantee a safe cooking space.

In other words, prevent kitchen fires and ensure perfectly baked loaves of bread.

The bun is believed to stay fresh and mould-free until replaced the following year.

Advertisement

Hide Ad

Hot cross buns were even rumoured to protect boats from being shipwrecked!

They are believed to have come from 14th century Anglican Monk Thomas Rocliffe, who baked them to hand out to the poor and needy on Good Friday.

They gained in popularity and were enjoyed the whole year around until Queen Elizabeth I passed a law decreeing that the spiced buns could only be eaten on Good Friday, Christmas or at funerals.

The spices in the bread dough are said to represent the spices used to embalm Jesus before he was buried (and rose, just like the buns themselves).

Advertisement

Hide Ad

The shape of the cross, of course, also represents Catholic imagery of the crucifixion of Jesus Christ.Good Friday fish dish

Fish

Fish is traditionally eaten on Good Friday (photo: adobe)

Fish is traditionally eaten on Good Friday, as a result of the doctrine set out by the Vatican.

Advertisement

Hide Ad

The medieval church decreed that meat – specifically the meat of warm-blooded land animals – shouldn’t be eaten, which meant eating fish instead.

Meat was seen as a delicacy in ancient cultures, and was generally linked with celebrations and feasts.Christians believe that Christ, who was crucified on Good Friday, sacrificed his flesh for our sins.

Therefore, those who follow the religion have abstained from eating meat on Good Friday for centuries.

Simnel cake

Advertisement

Hide Ad

Although usually associated with Easter, originally the Simnel cake was eaten on Mothering Sunday.

It provided a tasty treat midway through the fasting of Lent.

Topped with eleven symbolic marzipan balls – which represent the eleven true apostles of Jesus Christ – the

Simnel cake is lighter than the rich, boozy fruit cake enjoyed at Christmas.

Advertisement

Hide Ad

But it is made with similar ingredients, including sultanas, raisins and lemon zest.

The Tudors added saffron to their Simnel cakes, but this is rarely done nowadays.

The Simnel cake was waning in popularity but, due to celebrity chefs including Mary Berry, Nigella Lawson and

Prue Leith all demonstrating their recipes on television, it is enjoying something of a revival.

Advertisement

Hide Ad

Easter bonnets

Fish is traditionally eaten on Good Friday (photo: adobe)

Popularised in the Irving Berlin song Easter Parade, the Easter Bonnet is now the focal point of competitions and parades held at Easter time.

The origins of the tradition of wearing a bright, frilly bonnet stretch right back to when people would wear their new “Sunday best” clothes to church at Easter.

Advertisement

Hide Ad

The bright, flamboyant hats were a joyful expression of new beginnings after the gloom of winter and the fasting of Lent.

Egg painting

The tradition of painting eggs at Easter dates back to the 13th century.

The egg had become a symbol for the resurrection of Jesus Christ, so people would paint and decorate eggs to mark the end of the period of fasting at Lent, and eat them at Easter as a celebration.

Advertisement

Hide Ad

Egg hunts

This custom is believed to have originated in sixteenth century Germany when, traditionally, the men would hide eggs for the women and children to find. This was a nod to the story of the resurrection of Jesus Christ, in which the empty tomb was discovered by women.

Quirky customs and traditions

Egg jarping: A game not unlike conkers in which two players tap the pointed ends of their hard-boiled eggs together until the shell of one cracks.

Advertisement

Hide Ad

Hop egg: Eggs are laid on the ground and teams take turns to dance among them, with the aim being to damage as few as possible.

Morris dancing: A type of English folk dancing which often takes place during Easter parades or village fairs.

The dance troupes were traditionally all-male (although there are now female groups, too), dressed in white, with bells on their trousers and either a stick or a handkerchief held aloft in their hands.

Egg rolling: Children roll highly decorated hard-boiled eggs down grassy hills to see whose goes farthest.

Advertisement

Hide Ad

This tradition is most commonly observed in Scotland, the north of England and Northern Ireland.

Annual competitions are still held at Arthur’s Seat in Edinburgh, Penshaw Hill in Sunderland, the castle moat at Penrith and right across Lancashire.