Hundreds of people gathered in northern Kabul yesterday for the funeral of 27-year-old Farkhunda, who like many Afghans is known by only one name.
She was killed late on Thursday by a mob of mostly men, according to police.
Mohammad Farid Afzali, the city’s head of criminal investigation, has said she suffered an unspecified psychiatric illness.
President Ashraf Ghani condemned Farkhunda’s killing as “heinous” and ordered an investigation.
Following allegations police stood by and did nothing to stop the fatal attack, Mr Ghani said it revealed “a fundamental issue” – the country’s police were too focused on the fight against the Taleban insurgency to concentrate on community policing.
His comments followed widespread condemnation of the killing. In Afghanistan, women are generally treated as inferior, despite constitutional guarantees of equality. Violence against women often goes unpunished.
Some Afghan officials and religious leaders sought to justify Farkhunda’s killing, alleging that she had burned the Koran.
At her graveside, the head of the interior ministry’s criminal investigation directorate, General Mohammad Zahir, said no evidence had been found to support those allegations.
“We have reviewed all the evidence and have been unable to find any single iota of evidence to support claims that she had burned a Koran,” Gen Zahir said. “She is completely innocent.”
He said that 13 people had been arrested in connection with her killing.
Hundreds of people gathered at a graveyard in the middle-class suburb of Khair Khana, near Farkhunda’s home.
Unusually for Afghanistan, women’s rights activists wearing black and with the permission of Farkhunda’s father, carried her coffin from an ambulance into a mosque for prayers, and then on to her grave.
A neighbour said she was nearing the end of a religious studies course and preparing to become a teacher.
“Everyone respected her, she was very religious and never left her home without covering her face with a hijab,” said Mirwais Afizi, 40, who said he had lived on the same lane as Farkhunda’s family all his life. “We never heard anything about her being mentally ill. She was about to graduate,” he added.
Mr Ghani put women’s rights and equality at the heart of his presidential campaign last year and has given his wife, Rula, a high public profile. A Christian of Lebanese descent, she has spoken for women’s rights in Afghanistan – a country routinely named by international rights groups as one of the world’s worst places to be a woman.
Under Taleban rule, before they were ousted by a US-led invasion in 2001, women were not permitted to work, study or leave their homes without a male relative. The new Afghan constitution guarantees women equal rights and protection from violence but these standards are enforced haphazardly.
The New York-based Human Rights Watch condemned what it called “the brutal murder”.
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