The report is the strongest sign yet that Iran is seeking to build a nuclear arsenal, despite claims to the contrary. With Israel threatening a military response, the report opens the way for a new confrontation between the West and Iran.
In its latest report on Iran, the International Atomic Energy Agency outlines the sum of its knowledge on the Islamic Republic’s alleged secret nuclear weapons work, including:
• Clandestine procurement of equipment and design information to make such arms;
• High explosives testing and detonator development to set off a nuclear charge;
• Computer modelling of a core of a nuclear warhead;
• Preparatory work for a nuclear weapons test, and;
• Developing and mounting a nuclear payload on to its Shahab 3 intermediate range missile – a weapon that can reach Israel.
Israeli government spokesman Mark Regev said there is a government directive not to comment until Israel has studied the report in depth.
But ahead of the report’s release, Israeli defence minister Ehud Barak warned of a possible Israeli military strike against Iran’s nuclear programme.
He told Israel Radio he did not expect any new UN sanctions on Tehran to persuade it to stop its nuclear defiance, adding: “We continue to recommend to our friends in the world and to ourselves, not to take any option off the table.”
The “all options on the table” phrase is often used by Israeli politicians to mean military action.
Iran’s official IRNA news agency dismissed the IAEA report, saying it “repeats the past claims by the US and the Zionist regime, what was rejected in the past report of the agency”.
IRNA said: “The head of the agency has included worthless comments and pictures provided by the intelligence services in the report.”
It said past inspections by the agency proved what was mentioned as a large steel container, which the IAEA believes is used for nuclear arms-related high explosives tests, were only “metal-constructed toilets”.
In Moscow, Russia’s foreign ministry said it would not comment on the report until it had time to study it.
While some of the suspected secret nuclear work outlined in the IAEA annex could also be used for peaceful purposes, “others are specific to nuclear weapons”, the report said.
Some of the information contained in the annex was new – including evidence of a large metal chamber at a military site for nuclear-related explosives testing. The bulk, however, was a compilation and expansion of alleged work already partially revealed by the agency.
But a senior diplomat familiar with the report said its significance lay in its comprehensiveness, thereby reflecting that Iran apparently had engaged in all aspects of testing that were needed to develop such a weapon.
Also significant was the agency’s decision to share most of what it knows or suspects about Iran’s secret work with the 35-nation IAEA board and the UN Security Council after being stonewalled by Tehran in its bids to probe such allegations.
Copies of the report went to board members and the council, which has imposed four sets of UN sanctions on Tehran for refusing to stop activities that could be used to make a nuclear weapon.
David Albright, of the US-based Institute for Science and International Security, said: “I think the facts lay out a pretty overwhelming case that this was a pretty sophisticated nuclear weapons effort aimed at miniaturising a warhead for a ballistic missile.
“If you want to make a judgment, it’s difficult. They could have said something like – they can make a crude weapon now but they do not appear able to make a reliable warhead for the Shahab 3 missile. But there’s not enough in here to make that judgment.”