Moon died at a church-owned hospital near his home in Gapyeong, north east of Seoul, two weeks after being taken to hospital with pneumonia, said Unification Church spokesman Ahn Ho-yeul. Moon’s wife and children were at his side.
Moon, born in a town that is now in North Korea, founded his religious movement in Seoul in 1954 after surviving the Korean War. He preached new interpretations of lessons from the Bible.
The church gained fame – and notoriety – in the 1970s and 1980s for holding mass weddings of thousands of followers, often from different countries, whom Moon matched up in a bid to build a multicultural religious world.
The church was accused of using devious recruitment tactics and duping followers out of money; parents of followers in the United States and elsewhere expressed worries that their children were brainwashed into joining. The church responded by saying that many other new religious movements faced similar accusations in their early stages.
In later years, the church adopted a lower profile and focused on building a business empire that included the Washington Times newspaper, the New Yorker Hotel in Manhattan, Bridgeport University in Connecticut, as well as a hotel and a fledgling carmaker in North Korea. It acquired a ski resort, a professional football team and other businesses in South Korea, and a seafood distribution firm that supplies sushi to Japanese restaurants across the US.
The Unification Church claims millions of members worldwide, though church defectors and other critics say the figure is no more than 100,000.
Moon is survived by his second wife and ten children.