With members of both Pistorius’ and Ms Steenkamp’s families present in court, the athlete’s trial resumed after a break of one month during which a psychologist and three psychiatrists also assessed whether the double-amputee runner was capable of understanding the wrongfulness of his act when he shot Steenkamp through a closed toilet door.
The panel’s reports were submitted to Judge Thokozile Masipa, and prosecutor Gerrie Nel referred to key parts of the conclusions, noting that the experts believed Pistorius was “capable of appreciating the wrongfulness of his act” when he killed Ms Steenkamp, a 29-year-old model.
The evaluation came after a psychiatrist, Dr Merryll Vorster, testified for the defence that Pistorius, who has said he feels vulnerable because of his disability and long-held worry about crime, had an anxiety disorder that could have contributed to the killing in the early hours of 14 February last year.
The double amputee says he opened fire after mistakenly thinking there was a dangerous intruder in the toilet.
Prosecutor Gerrie Nel has alleged Pistorius, 27, killed Ms Steenkamp after a Valentine’s Day argument, and has portrayed the Olympic and Paralympic athlete as a temperamental man with a love of guns and an inflated sense of entitlement.
But he requested an independent inquiry into Pistorius’ state of mind, based on concern the defence team would argue Pistorius was not guilty due to having a mental illness.
Pistorius faces 25 years to life in prison if found guilty of premeditated murder, and could also face years in prison if convicted of murder without premeditation or negligent killing.
Pistorius was evaluated as an outpatient at Weskoppies Psychiatric Hospital in Pretoria, the South African capital. Yesterday, defence lawyer Barry Roux called surgeon Gerald Versfeld – who amputated Pistorius’ lower legs when he was 11 months old – to testify about the runner’s disability and the difficulty and pain he endured while walking or standing on his stumps without support.
Pistorius was born without fibulas, the slender bones that run from below the knee to the ankle.
At Mr Roux’s invitation, Judge Masipa and her two legal assessors closely inspected the stumps of Pistorius as he sat on a bench.
The athlete was on his stumps when he killed Steenkamp, and his defence team has argued that he was more likely to try to confront a perceived danger rather than flee because of his limited ability to move without prostheses.
Versfeld noted that Pistorius’ disability made him “vulnerable in a dangerous situation”.
During cross-examination, Mr Nel questioned Versfeld’s objectivity and raised the possibility that Pistorius could have run away from a perceived intruder on the night of the shooting.
He also said Pistorius rushed back to his bedroom after the shooting and made other movements that indicated he was not as hampered as Versfeld was suggesting.
The trial continues.