Nearly one billion people worldwide may have deficient or insufficient levels of vitamin D due to chronic disease and insufficient sun exposure related to sunscreen use, according to research published in the Journal of the American Osteopathic Association.
Kim Pfotenhauer, assistant professor at Touro University and contributor to the study said: “People are spending less time outside and when they do go out they’re typically wearing sunscreen, which essentially nullifies the body’s ability to produce vitamin D.
“While we want people to protect themselves against skin cancer, there are healthy, moderate levels of unprotected sun exposure that can be very helpful in boosting vitamin D.”
Vitamin D is produced when skin is exposed to sunlight and a deficiency can lead to muscle weakness and bone fractures.
Chronic illnesses such as Crohn’s or coeliac disease may lead to the malabsorption of the vitamin, while poor diet can also cause deficiency.
Spending 5-30 minutes in the midday sun twice a week could help to increase and maintain healthy vitamin D levels, the osteopathic association said.
It said it was “important to forgo sunscreen during these sessions because SPF 15 or greater decreases vitamin D3 production by 99%”.
Dr Pfotenhauer added: “You don’t need to go sunbathing at the beach to get the benefits.
“A simple walk with arms and legs exposed is enough for most people.”