Record three million in UK have diabetes

A record three million people have been diagnosed with diabetes in Britain, according to research.

The figure – equivalent to 4.6 per cent of the UK population – is growing and experts warned it was a “grim staging post ­towards a public health emergency”.

Researchers for Diabetes UK and Tesco found 132,000 people were diagnosed with the disease over the past year and a further 850,000 people are thought to have undiagnosed Type 2 ­diabetes.

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Unless more is done to prevent the condition and help those who have it, experts fear the increase could see the NHS burdened with unsustainable costs, with huge implications for public health.

Every year, tens of thousands of people with diabetes die earlier than expected, a situation that is expected to get even worse without urgent action.

Tesco and Diabetes UK have launched a partnership that will see the supermarket aim to raise £10 million for the charity to tackle the disease and help people affected by it.

The partnership will also fund the biggest ever public awareness campaign on Type 2 diabetes risk factors, aiming to reach the estimated seven million people at high risk.

Barbara Young, chief executive of Diabetes UK, said: “We are hugely concerned that the number of people diagnosed with diabetes has reached three million for the first time and there is no reason to think this will mark the end of what has been a rapid rise in the ­condition.

“Instead, all the projections suggest that the three million figure will be a grim staging post on the road towards a public health emergency and this unfolding tragedy is already putting huge pressure on the NHS and will have potentially devastating consequences for those people who develop the condition. But this is not ­inevitable.

“By identifying those at high risk of developing Type 2 diabetes, we can ensure they start getting support to make the kind of lifestyle changes that can help prevent it.

“And by making sure people who have Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes are already getting the care and support they need, we can help them avoid the devastating complications diabetes can cause.”

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• Type 1 diabetes is a disease where the body’s immune system attacks and kills off its own insulin producing cells. Over a period of time, the vast majority of insulin producing cells are destroyed. Without being able to produce insulin, blood sugar levels rise and patients need to take life-saving insulin injections.

• Type 2 diabetes is related to obesity which causes the body’s cells to become resistant to insulin. People produce more insulin than those without the condition. This can be controlled by diet.