The airport said it would quarter the time taken to drop off baggage from two minutes to 30 seconds.
The three SONIC Common Use Bag Drop machines enable passengers to print and attach luggage tags, weigh bags and leave them to be taken to their aircraft.
Passengers scan their boarding passes to activate the devices, which have credit/debit card keypads attached so overweight baggage can be paid for.
Officials said machines at other UK airports, such as Gatwick, Birmingham and Belfast City, were used for single airlines.
Edinburgh Airport chief operating officer David Wilson said: “We are very excited to have introduced this ground-breaking technology to help improve our passengers’ experience.
“We know that time is of the essence when checking in and we want to make this process as quick and stress-free as possible.
“These new self-service bag drop kiosks are very simple to use and will speed up the entire check-in and bag drop process.”
Flybe marketing director Simon Lilley said: “We congratulate the airport on being the UK industry trail-blazer by adopting this
excellent service that will undoubtedly enhance our customers’ travel experience.”
Easyjet head of Scotland Hugh Aitken said: “We’re pleased Edinburgh Airport has invested in technology which will provide an additional quick and easy way for customers to drop off their bags.”