On this day: Armistice signed in France
Martinmas, Scottish Quarter Day.
Poland Independence Day.
1830: Mail first carried by railway, on newly opened Liverpool to Manchester line.
1887: The first sod of the Manchester Ship Canal was cut.
1918: Armistice signed by Germany and Allies at the 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month, in Marshal Foch’s railway coach at Compiègne, France.
1920: King George V unveiled the Cenotaph in Whitehall, London.
1921: British Legion held its first Poppy Day.
1940: Willys produced the Jeep, so-called from the initials GP, for general purpose car.
1944: The Home Guard was disbanded.
1946: Stevenage in Herefordshire was designated first “new town” in Britain.
1955: C&A Modes department store in Princes Street, Edinburgh, was destroyed by fire.
1965: Ian Smith, prime minister of Rhodesia, announced his country’s unilateral declaration of independence. Regime was declared illegal by Britain.
1982: Geoffrey Prime, GCHQ spy, was jailed for 35 years.
1988: George Bush defeated Michael Dukakis in United States presidential election.
1990: China told Saddam Hussein it would not use veto power to block UN Security Council resolution authorising military action to force Iraq out of Kuwait.
1991: The Metropolitan Police announced it would admit homosexuals to the force.
1992: Church of England general synod voted to allow women to become priests.
1995: The SFA ordered an investigation and the procurator fiscal’s office called for a police report into incidents, overlooked by the referee, involving Rangers’ Paul Gascoigne, in which an Aberdeen player needed five stitches in a head wound.
1997: Labour admitted Formula 1 motor-racing boss Bernie Ecclestone had donated £1m to it.
1999: The House of Lords Act was given Royal Assent, restricting membership of the British House of Lords by virtue of a hereditary peerage.
2006: The Queen unveiled the New Zealand War Memorial in London, commemorating the loss of soldiers from the New Zealand Army and the British Army.
2008: The world-famous QE2 liner left Southampton on its last ever voyage with thousands of well-wishers looking on from the quayside. The 41-year-old liner was turned into a floating hotel in Dubai.
Leonardo DiCaprio, actor, 39; Calista Flockhart, actress, 49; Alan Jones MBE, racing driver, 66; Kathy Lette, author, 55; Demi Moore, actress, 51; Richard Rowe, jockey and racehorse trainer, 54; Stanley Tucci, actor, 53; June Whitfield CBE, actress, 88; James Edward George Younger, 5th Viscount Younger of Leckie, 58; “Fuzzy” Zoeller, golfer, 62.
Births: 1821 Fyodor Dostoyevsky, novelist; 1863 Paul Signac, artist, pioneer of Pointilism; 1868 Edouard Vuillard, artist; 1885 George Patton, US military commander in Second World War; 1919 Dr Hamish Henderson, folklorist, poet and songwriter; 1920 Lord Jenkins of Hillhead, politician and historian; 1922 Kurt Vonnegut, novelist.
Deaths: 1855 Sören Kierkegaard, philosopher; 1880 Ned Kelly, Australian bushranger and bank robber; 1999 Sir Vivian Fuchs, polar explorer; 2002 Very Rev Dr David Steel, Moderator of General Assembly of Church of Scotland 1974-75.