Massive rewilding 'experiment' in Scotland may help find way to slow alarming rate of species extinction – Scotsman comment

The 18th century landscape gardener Lancelot ‘Capability’ Brown “almost damned himself to historical obscurity through creating a product so good, subsequent generations of visitors have given nature herself the credit”, according to the National Trust.

Beavers have already been returned to parts of Scotland and other species may follow (Picture: Ben Birchall/PA Wire)

His creations on country estates were undoubtedly beautiful, but they were very much a human’s idea of what the natural world should be like.

Now the National Trust for Scotland is set to create a very different kind of ‘garden’ with plans to rewild 200 acres of land on its Threave Estate in Dumfries and Galloway over the course of the next 100 years.

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Land will be “undrained” with the River Dee allowed to “revert to more natural flow patterns”, allowing wetlands to form, which will encourage native and migrant waterfowl as well as other animals. Some 74 acres of native woodland are to be planted, while they are also looking into ways to manage livestock that “balance agricultural production with nature recovery”.

The trust’s Dr Sam Gallacher said the site would be a “massive experiment to help us find best practice and methods that we hope will be useful and inspire others in similar settings whether in Scotland or further afield”.

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Call for Scotland to become world's first Rewilding Nation

Separately, the Scottish Rewilding Alliance has called for politicians to commit to rewilding 30 per cent of public land as well as continuing to reintroduce species like beavers and to consider a pilot project to return the Eurasian lynx to Scotland – if there is both a suitable habitat and local support.

There are people who will be understandably nervous about bringing back a “big cat” after its long absence, however timid around humans it may be. Others may be concerned about beavers damaging commercial forestry and flooding farmland. And a human “rewilding” process may be deemed by some to be as artificial as any Capability Brown creation.

However, with a quarter of Britain’s native mammals, including red squirrels and wildcats, at risk of extinction and the world experiencing rates of species loss on a par with the Fifth Mass Extinction Event, which killed off the dinosaurs 66 million years ago, it is imperative that we do something.

And, given humans are largely responsible for what some are already calling the Sixth Mass Extinction Event, attempting to mimic nature seems like a good place to start.

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