They say it is to blame for blackening the country’s international reputation as well as fueling extreme cruelty to canines and unhygienic food handling practices.
Activists from a coalition of groups said yesterday they will press for the festival to be banned as well as legislation outlawing the slaughtering of dogs and cats and the consumption of their meat.
While an estimated 20 million dogs are killed for their meat each year in China the event, held in June in the city of Yulin, has come to symbolise the cruelty and lack of hygiene associated with the largely unregulated industry.
Yu Hongmei, director of the VShine Animal Protection Association, said China needs to follow the example of the vast majority of developed nations that have banned eating dog and cat.
“China needs to progress with the times,” Yu said. “Preventing cruelty to animals is the sign of a mature, civilised society.”
Restaurant owners say eating dog meat is traditional during the summer, while opponents say the festival that began in 2010 has no cultural value and was merely invented to drum up business. Since 2014, the local government has sought to disassociate itself from the event, forbidding its employees from attending and limiting its size by shutting down some dog markets and slaughter houses.
Still, as many as 10,000 dogs, many of them stolen pets still wearing collars, are slaughtered for the festival held deep inside the poor, largely rural Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region. Some are trucked in travelling hundreds of mile stuffed in crates without food or water. Slaughtering takes place in front of the animals, usually with a club to induce the pain and fear that restaurant owners claim makes their adrenaline-rich meat tastier.
“Psychologically and mentally, they have already died many times,” said Peter J. Li, Humane Society International’s China policy specialist.
Dog meat also poses a risk to human health by spreading diseases such as trichinellosis, rabies and cholera, the Humane Society says. Guangxi is already one of China’s five worst areas affected by human rabies, and Yulin ranks as one of the top 10 Chinese cities in terms of cases.
Activists said rallies held around the country to oppose dog eating. Dog meat restaurants have been forced to take the festival indoors and large-scale open air dog meat consumption is no longer seen.