But where does the term 'Shrove Tuesday' actually originate from, and what's the history behind it? These are the answers to all your Shrove Tuesday questions, which kicks off on Tuesday 25 February 2020.
What is Shrove Tuesday?
Shrove Tuesday is the day in February or March that immediately precedes Ash Wednesday, also known as the first day of Lent in Christianity.
The date can vary from year to year, but falls between 3 February at the earliest and 9 March at the latest.
The expression ‘Shrove Tuesday’ is derived from the old middle English word ‘shriven’, which referred to going to confession to repent for the things you have done wrong. Because Lent always starts on a Wednesday, people would go to confession the day before.
This became known as Shriven Tuesday, which then evolved into Shrove Tuesday.
Why do we eat pancakes on Shrove Tuesday
Shrove Tuesday comes from the old English custom of using up all the leftover fattening ingredients in the house before Lent, so that people were ready to fast. The ingredients that people tended to have in their houses were eggs and milk.
To ensure that these ingredients didn’t go to waste, pancakes became the perfect way of using up them up, by simply mixing them with some flour.
What is Lent?
Lent is the period of 40 days where Christians remember the events that lead up to and culminated in the death of Jesus Christ.
Christians will observe Lent in a variety of different ways, with those from more orthodox and traditional beliefs choosing to fast strictly, abstaining from meat, fish, eggs and fats until Easter Sunday.
More commonly, others will choose to give up one more luxurious item, like chocolate.
Pancake Day traditions
In the UK, as well as making and enjoying pancakes, others will also enter themselves into the time honoured tradition of the pancake race.
The race is a relay race, with runners having to run whilst simultaneously having to flat a pancake in a frying pan before handing the pan off to their teammates.
The concept of the race is thought to have originated in the town of Olney, Buckinghamshire in 1445.
How to make pancakes
If you’re thinking about making your own pancakes this Pancake Day, then you might be overwhelmed with the huge amount of recipes available online for loads of variations on the classic treat.
This is a basic, easy recipe from BBC Good Food to get you started.
You’ll need 100g of plain flour, two large eggs, 300ml of milk, one tablespoon of sunflower or vegetable oil, plus a little extra for frying, and any topping you desire - the classic option is lemon and sugar, but you can customise to your own taste.
The recipe goes as follows:
- Mix together your flour, eggs, milk and oil along with a pinch of salt in a large bowl or jug until it makes a smooth batter
- For the best results, set aside for 30 minutes to rest, but you can skip this step if you want
- Get out a flat frying pan and set it over a medium heat, carefully wiping it with some oiled kitchen paper
- When the pan has heated up, pour some of your batter in and swirl it around to make a smooth layer
- Cook for about one minute on each side until golden
- Serve your pancakes with whatever toppings you like and enjoy