Scotland is littered with evidence of the Roman Empire, obliterating the myth that the occupation only extended as far as Hadrian’s Wall.
The existence of the many forts along the Antonine Wall in the Central Belt and fascinating remains at Bearsden and Cramond show that Rome’s presence in Scotland was far more steady than some people might believe.
We take a look at 9 remnants of the Roman Empire you can visit around Scotland.
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1. Bar Hill Fort
A must visit, Bar Hill Fort was once the highest fort along the Antonine Wall and would have towered over the Kelvin Valley in the second century AD. Visitors get a double treat, as they can also see a nearby Iron Age fort. Photo: Creative Commons
2. Eagle Rock, Cramond
Situated on a rocky outcrop near Drum Sands on the Firth of Forth, it is thought the Eagle Rock was carved during the Roman occupation of Cramond between AD 140 and AD 200. The eagle was a prominent symbol used in ancient Rome, especially as the standard of a Roman legion Photo: Creative Commons/S Samson
3. Bearsden Roman Baths
Now surrounded by 20th century housing, Bearsden Roman Baths is a fascinating remnant of the Roman occupation. The fort which once stood on the site has been mostly covered by modern developments, but the bath house and latrines used by the Roman soldiers are still visible, offering a unique window into the past. Photo: Creative Commons
4. Ardunie Roman Signal Station
Dating to the first century AD, Ardunie Roman Signal Station near Auchterarder, just north of the Ochil Hills, predates the building of the Antonine Wall. Photo: Creative Commons