14 photos showing Scotland at work in the 1960s

From brewing and car manufacturing to weaving and shipbuilding, Scotland in the 1960s was a world leader in a multitude of different industries.

Man working in the United Glass factory in Alloa, May 1966

But it was the more labour-intensive industries, to a degree, that seemed to define the country.

Many of our largest towns and cities served as the engine rooms of Britain. Scottish shipyards were launching new vessels by the dock-load, while the furnaces of Lanarkshire and Stirlingshire were supplying the vast quantities of iron and steel necessary to manufacture them.

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Central Belt mining towns and villages were not short of work either, while traditional industries like fishing, crofting and weaving held firm, despite fewer people choosing to work in such jobs compared to previous decades.

Woman making cathodes for sodium lamps at the Philips electrical factory at Hamilton in Lanarkshire, June 1966

At Clydebank, the world-famous Singer sewing factory was at the height of its productiveness, employing more than 16,000 workers and completing huge numbers of new machines every week to be distributed to the far flung corners of the globe.

But as we and the world around us changed at an ever-quickening pace, new leaders came to the fore and Scotland, ultimately unable to compete, watched on helplessly as many of our great industries entered a protracted and painful decline.

Lifting the gloom, however, was the emergence of new industries. Men and women were finding work elsewhere at electrical engineering firms such as Ferranti, while the Rootes car plant at Linwood introduced a new model: the Hillman Imp, which would prove immensely popular over the next decade.

A new type of energy was being harnessed in Scotland and beginning to challenge the supremacy of the coal-fired plants of yesteryear. By the mid-sixties, the country had a handful of nuclear power plants, including Dounreay and Hunterston A, in Ayrshire.

Electrical engineering firm Ferranti's new Electronic Laboratory in Edinburgh.

The decade also witnessed a surge in affordable housing, as the post-war desire to improve living standards for the working classes reached its peak.

Saxone Shoe Company Ltd factory at Kilmarnock.
India Tyre and rubber Company Ltd - Factory at Inchinnan - Renfrewshire - M Florence sprays lubricant into tyre moulds
Colvilles Strip Mill in Ravenscraig, 1960s.
Rothesay - Isle of Bute Industries Tweed Mill - weaver at work, 1960s.
Barony Colliery in Auchinleck - New shaft being sunk into position, 1960s.
Mr Thomas Thomson guides Dick and Punch along straight and narrow at South Gilmerton Farm with bing in the background.
Fraserborough - Fisherman mending nets.
Housing at Castlemilk - Glasgow - Men at work on 20 storey multi flats.
Basket maker William Taylor at work in one of the houses
Producing sewing machines at Singers Factory at Clydebank, 1960s.
John Brown's shipyard have a contract to build the new liner Q4 - Shipyard workers celebrate the news
Hunterson nuclear power station - John Millar Health Physics foreman in a PVC protective suit in 1964.
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