The photonics and quantum tech specialist has taken the wraps off the facility in the University of Strathclyde’s Inovo building in Glasgow City Innovation District.
M Squared claims the centre, which will host a team of 50, will be “instrumental” in helping the firm compete globally in the quantum tech market.
The facility will focus on innovations in the field of atomic-scale physics, including quantum sensors for measuring gravity and acceleration, quantum clocks and quantum computers.
Co-founder and chief executive Graeme Malcolm said: “We are on the verge of a second quantum revolution.
“M Squared’s new research facility will play a huge role in advancing quantum physics- based technology and our ability to apply it to benefit society.”
The firm recently received a £2.9 million grant from Scottish Enterprise to help accelerate its "cutting-edge" research and support 24 new jobs.
Scottish finance secretary Derek Mackay, who officially launched the facility, said: "This centre builds on Scotland’s existing photonics capability and signals our intent to become a significant player in the development of quantum technologies that will benefit our economy."