Heroes and Dairy Milk Buttons are among the recalled products.
Manufacturer Müller has advised people to return items to the shop they were bought in and not to eat the products.
The products that have been recalled are Cadbury Daim Chocolate Dessert, Cadbury Crunchie Chocolate Dessert, Cadbury Flake Chocolate Dessert, Cadbury Dairy Milk Buttons Chocolate Dessert, Cadbury Dairy Milk Chunks Chocolate Dessert and Cadbury Heroes Chocolate Dessert.
An alert on the products has been issued to the Foods Standards Agency.
Listeriosis is usually caught from eating food containing listeria bacteria, with symptoms including a high temperature of 38C or above, aches and pains, nausea and diarrhoea.