On this day: Clothes rationing introduced in Britain

Events, birthdays and anniversaries on 2 June

Some of the women who rushed to a Croydon store to take advantage of a coupon-free sub-standard stockings offer. Picture: Keystone/Getty Images

1771: Russia completed its conquest of the Crimea.

1780: The Gordon Riots took place in London when Lord George Gordon called his followers to St George’s Field and led them in protest at relaxation of restrictions on Roman Catholics.

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1835: American showman Phineas T Barnum began his first circus tour.

1868: The first Trades Union Congress was held in Manchester.

1896: Marconi was granted the first patent for a system of communication by means of electromagnetic waves.

1916: Boy Cornwell died from wounds after the Battle of Jutland. The 16-year-old had stayed at his post by the forward gun on HMS Chester while all his fellows were killed around him. He was awarded the VC posthumously – the youngest to receive it.

1917: Brazil revoked its neutrality in First World War and seized German ships.

1938: Robert and Edward Kennedy, youngest sons of the American Ambassador to London, opened the children’s zoo in Regent’s Park, London.

1941: Clothes rationing was introduced in Britain, and was not lifted until 1949. Sixty coupons were allowed each year for all except baby clothes. One dress needed 11 coupons, and a man’s suit, 26.

1941: Germany’s Adolf Hitler and Italy’s Benito Mussolini held meeting at Brenner Pass in the Alps.

1946: Britain and United States restored Azores base to Portugal.

1953: Queen Elizabeth was crowned in Westminster Abbey, on a dull, showery day, as it was for her father’s coronation in 1937.

1954: Lester Piggott, aged 18, became the youngest jockey to win the Derby when he rode Never Say Die, a 33-1 outsider, to victory at Epsom.

1966: First soft landing on Moon successfully completed by United States spacecraft, Surveyor.

1974: King of Bhutan, Jig Singhi Wangchuk, was crowned to become, at age 18, youngest monarch in world.

1992: Denmark rejected the Maastricht Treaty in a national referendum.

1994: Twenty-five senior intelligence officers in Northern Ireland died when their Chinook helicopter crashed on the Mull of Kintyre.

1997: Timothy McVeigh was found guilty of murder and conspiracy in the 1995 Oklahoma City bombing, in which 168 people, including 19 children, died.

2010: Gunman Derrick Bird went on the rampage in Cumbria, killing 12 people and injuring 11. Bird later killed himself.

2014: King Juan Carlos of Spain announced his abdication after 39 years on the throne, with his son, Crown Prince Felipe, to succeed him.