Torn apart by decades of armed conflict and suffering cyclical droughts, Somalia now has around a tenth of its ten million population regarded as living in acute crisis conditions.
John Ging, who just returned from a three-day visit to Somalia, said another two million Somalis are considered to be “food insecure”.
“These figures are very, very large,” he told a news conference. “They tell us a simple message which is that the situation in Somalia for Somalis on the humanitarian side is very grave. It’s also very fragile.”
Mr Ging said the UN World Food Programme’s Food Sec- urity and Nutrition Analysis Unit reported this month that 857,000 Somalis are in acute crisis conditions and require urgent humanitarian assistance.
This is “a modest improvement” from the previous six months when 870,000 Somalis desperately needed food, he said.
Somalia has long been a rudderless nation plagued by cyclical drought and famine and decades of armed conflict. Latest figures say the population of the country is estimated to be about ten million.
In recent years it has made some strides in security and governance, particularly since August 2011, when al-Shabaab militants were forced out of the capital, Mogadishu. But the al-Qaeda linked rebels have not been defeated and the government controls only small parts of the country and is struggling to provide security and battle corruption.
The food security unit said about 75 per cent of the 857,000 Somalis who urgently need food are displaced from their homes, largely as a result of fighting, insecurity and lack of food. Ging said others are in rural areas that are very hard to access.
“In 2011, we had a global tragedy where 260,000 people died of famine in Somalia,” Mr Ging said. “We are working very hard to help the people recover in circumstances which are extremely difficult – the climate is very harsh and the security situation equally so.”
The UN appealed for $933 million (£560m) for the human- itarian crisis in Somalia this year, but Ging said so far it has received only $36m (£22m) which is “very ominous”.
In 2011, the UN appeal for Somalia was 86 per cent funded, but in 2013 it was just 50 per cent funded, he said.
“Somalis have suffered endlessly for almost 25 years. We cannot be distracted now from our task to stay with them, to help to consolidate these fragile gains … and this requires funding,” Mr Ging said.
“We need to keep our attention on Somalia. It’s incredibly fragile and we don’t want a repeat of what happened in 2011,” he added.