Some 74 joining the ranks in the 2012 list, compared to 70 the previous year.
The number of Scottish billionaires has grown from two to five, with Mahdi al-Tajir, head of the Highland Spring mineral water firm named as Scotland’s richest person, worth £1.6 billion.
He is joined by the Grant and Gordon whisky family, worth £1.4 billion, Alastair Salveson, and his family, who have a £1.19 billion share of Aggreko, the Glasgow plant hire firm, oil tycoon Sir Ian Wood, worth £1.2 billion, and businessman Jim McColl, worth £1 billion.
The figures were released in the annual Rich List from The Sunday Times.
The entry point for Scots into the list has risen from £47 million to £52 million, with new entries including lottery winners Colin and Chris Weir and internet tycoon Pete Cashmore, who founded the Mashable blog.
Overall, Britain’s wealthiest people have a combined fortune of £414 billion, with 77 billionaires on the list.