Current laws enable prosecution for maliciously shining lasers in some situations but the new legislation would create a specific offence covering vehicles on air, land and sea.
Those convicted could be jailed for up to five years.
Transport minister Humza Yousaf told a Holyrood committee: “There have been an increased number of reported incidents in the deliberate misuse of laser pointers with consequences which could have been fatal. A man was jailed two years ago for shining a laser pen at a police helicopter.”
He added that since 2010 there have been 171 convictions under air navigation legislation and British Transport Police have reported 85 incidents per year between 2011-2016.