Veterans’ charity Erskine held a service at its Edinburgh home.
A piper played as wreaths were laid at the home’s memorial stone following two minutes of silence.
In Glasgow, a new memorial stone was unveiled at Central Station, dedicated to railway staff who died in the Second World War and subsequent conflicts.
The polished, black granite memorial sits beneath the bronze memorial to the First World War.
First Minister Alex Salmond observed the two-minute silence in the village of Strichen in Aberdeenshire.
He later announced the first three recipients of a £1 million Centenary Memorials Restoration Fund.
An initial £22,500 will be shared among sites in East Dunbartonshire and Renfrewshire.
New Kilpatrick Church in Bearsden will get £9,107-worth of repairs to a memorial damaged by graffiti and eroded by weather.
A memorial in Elderslie will have poor historic work and faded inscriptions repaired with help from a £6,005 grant.
The build-up of dirt and the damaged ironwork at a memorial in Bridge of Weir will be tackled with £7,461.
Mr Salmond said: “Scotland’s war memorials are a lasting tribute to fallen servicemen and women and it is hugely important that they are maintained. We owe it to the names inscribed on these memorials as well as the families they’ve left behind to keep monuments in a proud condition, reflecting the respect they deserve.
“War monuments play a central role in educating our young people about the ultimate sacrifice members of their community have paid to safeguard our way of life and our freedom throughout the generations.
“This year holds particular significance as it is the last before next year’s centenary of the outbreak of the First World War.
“Scotland, in common with so many other nations, suffered an appalling loss of life in the Great War, and its effects on Scottish life were profound and long-lasting, making this year’s Remembrance especially poignant as we look ahead to next year’s commemorations.
“I am delighted to announce the first grants this Remembrance Day and I want to encourage more communities all over Scotland to apply to the Centenary Memorials Restoration Fund to help keep these monuments a central and permanent reminder of both fallen and serving men and women now and for generations.”