On this day: Royal wedding | Dachau liberated

Crowds across the country watched the Royal wedding of William and Kate on this day in 2011. Picture: TSPL
Crowds across the country watched the Royal wedding of William and Kate on this day in 2011. Picture: TSPL
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EVENTS, birthdays and anniversaries for 29 April.

29 April is the National day of Japan.

1376: Sir Peter de la Mare took his place as first Speaker in the House of Commons.

1429: Joan of Arc entered Orleans, France, and won victory over English.

1628: Sweden and Denmark signed defence treaty against Duke of Wallenstein, bringing Sweden into the Thirty Years War.

1842: Corn Law Bill was given Royal assent.

1909: In a revolutionary Budget, the Chancellor of the Exchequer, David Lloyd George, introduced a “supertax” of sixpence in the pound for anyone earning more than £5,000 a year to pay for old-age pensions and rearmament. He also doubled death duties.

1933: Players’ football shirts were first numbered, in the English FA Cup Final at Wembley Stadium the numbers running from one to 22 with Manchester City having the higher set.

1935: Glass reflectors, or “cat’s eyes”, invented by Percy Shaw, were first used on British roads.

1945: Allied troops in Germany liberated 32,000 victims of Nazis in concentration camp at Dachau.

1958: With the words: “Good evening, each!” Beryl Reid heralded her character Marlene on radio.

1965: Australia decided to send troops to South Vietnam.

1973: Israel decided to expand civil rights of its 336,000 Arab citizens to reward Israeli Arab community for loyalty.

1986: The funeral of the Duchess of Windsor took place in St George’s Chapel, Windsor Castle.

1990: Wrecking cranes tore down the most famous section of the Berlin Wall surrounding the Brandenburg Gate.

1990: Stephen Hendry,

aged 21, became the youngest world snooker champion by beating Jimmy White 18-12 in the Embassy Championship.

1992: Rioting began in Los Angeles after the acquittal of four policemen seen beating up a black man, Rodney King, on an amateur video film.

1993: The Queen announced that Buckingham Palace would be open to the public – for an entrance fee.

1995: Tony Blair won a victory in his battle to modernise the Labour Party when it voted to ditch its Clause 4 commitment to nationalisation.

2009: Gordon Brown’s government suffered a surprise defeat in the Commons on its policy of restricting the right of former Gurkhas to settle in the UK. MPs voted by 267 to 246 in favour of a Liberal Democrat motion that all Gurkhas be offered an equal right of residence.

2011: One million people gathered in London to watch the marriage of Prince William and Catherine Middleton.


André Agassi, tennis champion, 43; Frank Auerbach, artist, 82; Jonah Barrington, squash player, 72; Ann Bell, actress, 73; General Sir Peter de la Billière KBE, commander-in-chief of British forces in 1990 Gulf war, 79; Baroness Chalker of Wallasey, 71; Daniel Day-Lewis, Oscar-winning actor, 56; Rod McKuen, poet and singer, 80; Zubin Mehta, Indian conductor, 77; Johnny Miller, Major-winning golfer, 66.


Births: 1667 John Arbuthnot, Kincardineshire-born physician; 1769 Duke of Wellington, soldier and statesman; 1895 Sir Malcolm Sargent, conductor; 1899 Duke Ellington, jazz musician and composer; 1931 Lonnie Donegan, skiffle musician and singer.

Deaths: 1937 Wallace Carothers, chemist and developer of nylon; 1980 Sir Alfred Hitchcock, film director; 1988 Andrew Cruickshank, actor; 1999 Elspeth March, actress.