Events, birthdays and anniversaries for 4 September
1860: The first weather forecast appeared in the Times newspaper.
1872: British-French dual control of Egypt was re-established.
1886: Geronimo, Apache chief and leader of the last great Red Indian resistance, surrendered in Arizona to General Nelson Miles.
1888: George Eastman registered Kodak as a trademark and patented the first roll-film camera.
1909: The first Boy Scout rally took place in Crystal Palace, London.
1916: British forces took Dar es Salaam in Tanganyika.
1939: The British liner Athenia sank after being torpedoed by a German U-boat the previous day off Ireland. Ninety-three lives were lost.
1944: Allies liberated Antwerp.
1949: Britain’s largest aircraft, the 130-ton eight-engined Bristol Brabazon, had its first flight.
1955: Richard Baker presented the late-night summary on BBC to become the first television newscaster to be seen on screen.
1957: Egypt and Syria formed economic union.
1961: The Initial Teaching Alphabet system was introduced in 19 schools.
1961: Trades Union Congress expelled Electrical Trades Union for ballot-rigging.
1964: The Forth Road Bridge, 6,156ft long and with a centre span of 3,300ft, was opened by the Queen.
1970: Russian ballerina Natalia Makarova defected to the West during a visit to London by the Kirov Ballet.
1987: United Nations secretary-general Javier Pérez de Cuéllar said Iran had agreed to negotiate implementation of UN peace plan to end its war with Iraq.
1990: Convoy of seven buses carrying 306 British women and children stranded since Iraqi invasion reached Baghdad after 14-hour journey from Kuwait.
1992: The government borrowed £7.25 billion in foreign currencies to help prop up the pound.
1998: Google was founded by Larry Page and Sergey Brin, two students at Stanford University.
2009: Hundreds of homes were evacuated after some of the worst flooding in living memory caused devastation from the Lothians to Moray.
2010: A 7.1-magnitude earthquake struck the South Island of New Zealand at 4:35am, causing widespread damage and several power outages.
Beyoncé Knowles, singer, 33; Raymond Floyd, golfer, 72; Dawn Fraser MBE, Olympic and Commonwealth Games swimming gold medallist, 77; Mark Ronson, DJ/producer, 39; John David James Dalrymple, 14th Earl of Stair, 53; Tom Watson, eight-time major-winning golfer, 65; Tareq Aziz, Bangladeshi cricketer, 31; Kevin Kennedy, actor, writer, producer (Curly Watts in Coronation Street), 53; Shane Gould MBE, triple Olympic gold medal-winning swimmer, 58; Michael Stean, chess grandmaster, 61; Martin Chambers, drummer (the Pretenders), 63; Gene Parsons, drummer, guitarist, singer-songwriter (the Byrds), 70.
Births: 1241 Alexander III, King of Scotland 1249-86 (at Roxburgh); 1736 Robert Raikes, founder of Sunday School movement; 1886 Albert Orsborn, Salvation Army general; 1928 Dick York, actor.
Deaths: 1571 Matthew Stewart, 4th Earl of Lennox, Regent of Scotland; 1852 William MacGillivray, Scottish naturalist and ornithologist; 1907 Edvard Grieg, composer; 2006 Steve Irwin, crocodile hunter and television presenter; 2009 Iain Cuthbertson, Glasgow-born actor.