Events, birthdays and anniversaries from 5 November
Guy Fawkes Night. A law compelling people to celebrate this day was repealed in 1859.
1605: Guy Fawkes’s plot to blow up Parliament was foiled when 36 barrels of gunpowder were found in cellar.
1883: The Mahdi defeated Egyptian force under William Hicks at El Obeid and Britain decided to evacuate the Sudan.
1909: The first Woolworth’s store in Britain opened in Liverpool.
1912: The British Board of Film Censors was appointed. It decided on only two classifications – “Universal” and “Not Suitable for Children”.
1919: The world’s greatest screen lover, Rudolph Valentino, married actress Jean Acker, and found he was locked out on his wedding night. The marriage lasted less than six hours.
1922: Howard Carter discovered Tutankhamun’s tomb in the Valley of the Kings near Luxor, Egypt, undisturbed since 1337BC.
1927: Britain’s first set of automatic traffic lights began working in Wolverhampton.
1940: HMS Jervis Bay sunk defending Atlantic convoy from German warship Admiral Scheer.
1956: Revolt in Hungary was quelled by Soviet forces who killed 20,000 people. Some Hungarians escaped to Britain.
1962: United Nations General Assembly demanded all nuclear tests cease by 1 January, 1963.
1966: Britain’s first post codes came into use, in Croydon.
1970: Vatican issued document reforming Roman Catholic mass.
1975: Roof and top floor of Inveraray Castle were destroyed in six-hour blaze. Most of its antiques and art treasures were rescued intact by estate workers and firemen. The castle was restored after a successful appeal campaign.
1988: Seven hundred Orangemen marched through Brixham, Devon, to celebrate the 300th anniversary of William of Orange’s arrival to claim the British throne.
2006: The former president of Iraq, Saddam Hussein, was sentenced to death at a court in Baghdad for crimes against humanity.
2007: China’s first lunar satellite, Chang’e 1 went into orbit around the Moon.
2008: Barack Obama, a Democratic senator, was elected as the 44th president of the US and, in so doing, became the country’s first black president.
2009: Thirteen people were killed and 30 injured in a shooting at the Fort Hood military base in Texas. The attack was carried out by Major Nidal Malik Hasan, an army psychiatrist.
Alexa Chung, TV presenter and former model, 30; Bryan Adams, singer, 54; Art Garfunkel, singer and composer, 72; Tessa Jackson, director, Scottish Arts Council 1999-01, 58; Famke Janssen, actress, 48; Steve Miller, singer and guitarist, 70; Tatum O’Neal, actress, 50; Tamzin Outhwaite, actress, 43; Lester Piggott, champion, 78; Lisa Scott-Lee, pop singer (Steps), 38; Sam Shepard, actor, 70; Danniella Westbrook, actress, 40.
Births: 1494 Hans Sachs, poet and dramatist; 1735 James Beattie, Laurencekirk-born poet; 1860 Johnny Laidlay, Musselburgh amateur golfer; 1913 Vivien Leigh, actress.
Deaths: 1879 James Clerk Maxwell, Edinburgh-born mathematician and physicist; 1960 Mack Sennett, film director who created Keystone Cops; 1979 Al Capp, cartoonist; 1982 Jacques Tati, actor and film director; 1987 Eamonn Andrews, broadcaster; 1989 Vladimir Horowitz, pianist; 1991 Robert Maxwell, publisher, 1997 Isaiah Berlin, philosopher.