Events, birthdays and anniversaries on 22 February
1724: Treaty of Stockholm between Sweden and Russia for mutual assistance was signed.
1759: French abandoned siege of Madras, India, on arrival of British fleet.
1797: French forces landed in Britain at Fishguard, but were soon captured. No other foreign force has managed to invade Britain since.
1819: Florida was purchased by the United States from Spain.
1848: Revolt erupted in Paris due to failure of Louis Philippe’s reign.
1935: Actor Sir Cedric Hardwicke said Hollywood’s experiments with colour film would revolutionise the industry.
1942: It was announced that tribesmen in the Philippines had wiped out a Japanese regiment.
1945: United States Third Army crossed Saar River, south of Saarburg, Germany.
1946: Discovery of streptomycin was announced by Doctor Selman Waksman.
1955: Maureen Connolly, Little Mo, darling of Wimbledon, announced her retirement from competitive tennis to get married.
1957: The Duke of Edinburgh was formally granted the style and titular dignity of Prince of the United Kingdom in recognition of his ten years’ service to the country.
1972: IRA bomb killed seven people at Aldershot.
1974: Bangladesh’s independence was recognised by Pakistan.
1975: Military government of Ethiopia announced that 2,300 guerrillas had been killed in fighting in Eritrea.
1980: Ice skater Robin Cousins won figure skating gold medal at Lake Placid Olympics.
1982: Mercury given licence to operate telephones in competition with British Telecom.
1986: Philippines defence minister and the general who was to become armed forces chief broke with government of president Ferdinand Marcos.
1989: Peter de Savary, owner of Land’s End, bought the John o’ Groats House Hotel.
1990: Last Stalin statue toppled in Mongolian capital of Ulan Bator.
1991: Kenny Dalglish, veteran of a record 102 caps for Scotland, quit after five years as Liverpool player-manager.
1992: The United Nations Security Council voted to send 14,400 peace-keeping troops to Croatia – the first deployment of a United Nations peace force in Europe.
1994: United States president Bill Clinton ordered a full inquiry after top CIA agent Aldrich Ames and his wife were accused of having spied for the Soviet Union and Russia for nine years.
1997: In Roslin, Scotland, scientists announced that an adult sheep named Dolly had been successfully cloned.
2002: Angolan political and rebel leader Jonas Savimbi was killed in a military ambush.
2006: At least six men staged Britain’s biggest robbery, stealing £53 million from a Securitas depot in Tonbridge, Kent.
2011: An earthquake measuring 6.3 in magnitude struck Christchurch, New Zealand, killing 181 people.