EVENTS, birthdays and anniversaries on 5 November.
Guy Fawkes Night. A law compelling people to celebrate this day was repealed in 1859.
1492: Christopher Columbus was introduced to corn by the Indians of Cuba.
1605: Guy Fawkes’s plot to blow up Parliament was foiled when 36 barrels of gunpowder were found in a cellar.
1883: The Mahdi defeated Egyptian force under William Hicks at El Obeid and Britain decided to evacuate the Sudan.
1909: The first Woolworth’s store in Britain opened in Liverpool.
1912: The British Board of Film Censors was appointed. It decided on only two classifications – “Universal” and “Not Suitable for Children”.
1919: The world’s greatest screen lover, Rudolph Valentino, married actress Jean Acker, and found he was locked out on his wedding night. The marriage lasted less than six hours.
1927: Britain’s first set of automatic traffic lights began working in Wolverhampton.
1935: The modern version of the board game Monopoly was first published by Parker Brothers, subtitled “The Fast-Dealing Property Trading Game”.
1940: HMS Jervis Bay sunk defending Atlantic convoy from German warship Admiral Scheer.
1940: Franklin D Roosevelt defeated Republican candidate Wendell Willkie to be re-elected as US president and win an unprecedented third term as US president.
1956: Revolt in Hungary was quelled by Soviet forces who killed 20,000 people. Some Hungarians escaped to Britain.
1956: Britain and France landed forces in Egypt in reaction to the seizure of the Suez Canal.
1957: Mrs Nellie McGrail of Stockport, Cheshire scooped £205,235 on the football pools – the first to win a jackpot of more than £200,000.
1962: United Nations General Assembly demanded all nuclear tests cease by 1 January, 1963.
1966: Britain’s first post codes came into use, in Croydon.
1967: Forty-nine people died and 78 were injured when a train derailed at Hither Green, London. The survivors included Robin Gibb of the Bee Gees.
1970: Vatican issued document reforming Roman Catholic mass.
1971: Bolivia passed the death penalty for political kidnapping.
1975: The roof and top floor of Inveraray Castle were destroyed in six-hour blaze. Most of its antiques and art treasures were rescued intact by estate workers and firemen. The castle was restored after a successful appeal campaign.
1988: Seven hundred Orangemen marched through Brixham, Devon, to celebrate the 300th anniversary of William of Orange’s arrival to claim the British throne.
2006: The former president of Iraq, Saddam Hussein, was sentenced to death at a court in Baghdad for crimes against humanity.
2007: China’s first lunar satellite, Chang’e 1 went into orbit around the Moon.
2008: Barack Obama, a Democratic senator, was elected as the 44th president of the US and, in so doing, became the country’s first black president.
2009: Thirteen people were killed and 30 injured in a shooting at the Fort Hood military base in Texas. The attack was carried out by Major Nidal Malik Hasan, an army psychiatrist.
Bryan Adams, singer, 56; Art Garfunkel, singer and composer, 74; Tessa Jackson OBE, director, Scottish Arts Council 1999-01, 60; Famke Janssen, actress, 51; Tatum O’Neal, actress, 52; Tamzin Outhwaite, actress, 45; Lester Piggott, champion jockey, 80; Sam Shepard, actor, 72; Danniella Westbrook, actress, 42; Bubba Watson, major-winning golfer, 37; Peter Noone, musician, singer-songwriter (“Herman” of Herman’s Hermits), 68; Tilda Swinton, actress and fashion muse, 55; Jonny Greenwood, musician and songwriter (Radiohead), 44; Nestor Serrano, actor, 60; Oleg Blokhin, football manager.
Births: 1735 James Beattie, Laurencekirk-born poet; 1860 Johnny Laidlay, Musselburgh amateur golfer; 1911 Roy Rogers, actor; 1913 Vivien Leigh, actress; 1931 Ike Turner, musician, songwriter and record producer.
Deaths: 1879 James Clerk Maxwell, Edinburgh-born mathematician and physicist; 1977 René Goscinny, comic writer and editor, creator of Asterix the Gaul; 1979 Al Capp, cartoonist; 1987 Eamonn Andrews, broadcaster; 1991 Robert Maxwell, publisher; 1997 Isaiah Berlin, philosopher; 2010 Jill Clayburgh, actress.