EVENTS, birthdays and anniversaries on April 18.
1775: Paul Revere made his famous midnight ride from Charlestown to Lexington, accompanied by William Dawes, to warn Massachusetts patriots of the arrival of British troops at the outbreak of the War of American Independence.
1874: Remains of missionary and explorer David Livingstone were interred in Westminster Abbey.
1906: San Francisco earthquake shattered the city before dawn, killing between 500 and 700 people, destroying 28,000 buildings and causing $500 million worth of damage, with more than 50 fires raging.
1946: International Court of Justice was opened at The Hague.
1946: League of Nations was dissolved and its assets passed to the United Nations.
1949: The first Bob-a-Job Week was inaugurated by the Scout Movement in Britain.
1949: The Republic of Ireland was proclaimed, severing ties with Britain by leaving the Commonwealth.
1961: George Blake, diplomat and Soviet spy, was charged with espionage under Official Secrets Act.
1966: The Sound Of Music won an Oscar after bringing $60m to the box office in its first year.
1968: A US oil company bought London Bridge, dismantled it and later re-erected it in Arizona.
1976: About 40,000 Israelis marched into occupied West Bank area of Jordan, demanding that Israel annex the territory.
1978: America and Panama agreed that control of the Panama Canal would revert to Panama by the year 2000.
1985: Postal workers went on strike, abandoning 20 million items of undelivered mail.
1986: Angry crowds formed outside American embassies throughout world as backlash continued against United States air attack on Libya.
1986: Guinness won takeover battle for Distillers.
1987: Journalist John McCarthy was kidnapped in Beirut. He spent more than five years in captivity.
1988: United States navy destroyed two offshore Iranian oil platforms, and bombed two Iranian navy frigates in retaliation for mine explosion that damaged US frigate.
1990: Government announced plans for a privately-funded toll road in Scotland linking the M74 with the M8.
1992: Traverse Theatre’s final performance in its Grassmarket premises in Edinburgh, took place 25 years after it was opened by Jenny Lee, Britain’s first minister of the arts.
1992: Rangers won a fourth successive Scottish Premier League championship.
1993: England won the World Rugby Sevens at Murrayfield.
1994: West Indian batsman Brian Lara broke the record for the highest individual score in Test cricket when he hit 375 off England’s bowlers in Antigua.
2005: MG Rover, Britain’s last major car-maker, collapsed with the loss of 6,200 jobs.
2011: It was announced that the Queen’s official residence in Scotland, the Palace of Holyroodhouse, was to be utilised to host corporate events.
2013: Britain’s most successful Olympian, cyclist Sir Chris Hoy, announced his retirement from active competition.
2014: Thirteen sherpas were killed and three others reported missing when an avalanche struck their group on Mount Everest.
David Tennant, actor, 44; Eamonn Bannon, Scottish footballer, 56; Maria Bello, actress, 47; America Ferrera, actress, 30; Haile Gebrselassie, athlete, 41; Roger Graef OBE, television documentary producer, 78; Barbara Hale, actress, 92; Melissa Joan Hart, actress, 38; Rosie Huntington-Whiteley, actress and model, 27; Philip Jackson, Scottish sculptor, 70; Jane Leeves, actress, 53; Hayley Mills, actress, 68; Rick Moranis, actor and comedian, 61; Sir Teddy Taylor, MP 1980-2005, 78; James Woods, actor, 68.
Births: 1480 Lucrezia Borgia, illegitimate daughter of Rodrigo Borgia, later Pope Alexander VI; 1740 Francis Baring, banker and merchant; 1817 George Henry Lewes, philosopher and writer; 1819 Franz von Suppé, Austrian composer; 1852 Sir George Clausen, painter; 1878 Humphrey Verdon Roe, aviation pioneer; 1882 Leopold Stokowski, conductor; 1882 Sir Arnold Lunn, skier; 1929 Peter Jeffrey, actor; 1934 Mark Kingston, British actor.
Deaths: 1689 Judge Jeffreys, Lord Chancellor known for his harshness at the Bloody Assizes after Monmouth’s rebellion in 1685; 1945 Sir John Fleming, electrical engineer; 1949 Will Hay, comedy actor; 1955 Albert Einstein, physicist who propounded theory of relativity; 1992 Benny Hill, comedian; 1993 Dame Elisabeth Frink, sculptor; 2002 Doctor Thor Heyerdahl, explorer, anthropologist and author, leader of Kon-Tiki Expedition; 2002 Cy Laurie, jazz clarinettist; 2013 Lieutenant-General Sir Steuart Pringle, Commandant General KCB, Royal Marines 1981-84.