EVENTS, birthdays and anniversaries on March 7.
1820: Spain’s King Ferdinand II was forced to restore the Constitution of 1812 and end the Inquisition.
1866: The Albert Medal for Gallantry in saving life on sea or land was instituted.
1892: The Great Western Railway introduced the first corridor trains, on the London-Birkenhead line.
1917: The first jazz record went on sale in America. It was The Dixie Jazz Band One-Step recorded by Nick La Rocca’s Original Dixieland Jazz Band.
1926: First transatlantic radio-telephone was established.
1935: Sir Malcolm Campbell’s Bluebird became the world’s fastest car when he drove it across the Utah Flats, United States, at 277mph.
1935: Restoration of Saar to Germany marked beginning of German expansion.
1936: Germany violated Treaty of Versailles by occupying demilitarised zone in the Rhineland.
1941: British troops entered Italian-occupied Abyssinia (Ethiopia).
1942: British forces withdrew from Rangoon.
1946: Doctors mounted a campaign to fight the introduction of a National Health Service.
1951: Premier Ali Razmara of Iran was assassinated.
1962: First major report on cigarette risks, Smoking and Health, was published by the Royal College of Physicians.
1963: The person with the world’s highest IQ – Kim, a Korean – was born. He could speak four languages and understand integral calculus when he was four. His IQ was recorded as 210.
1965: Round the Horne started on BBC radio with Kenneth Horne and Kenneth Williams. It ran for three years.
1968: United States and Soviet Union pledged to protect all weaker nations from nuclear blackmail and aggression.
1969: The third stage of the Victoria line of London’s Underground was opened by the Queen.
1975: Lesley Whittle’s body was found down a 60-foot drain shaft. She had been strangled by Donald Nielson, the “Black Panther”, after being kidnapped and held for 52 days. Nielson was later given four life sentences.
1977: Armed raiders stole £850,000 worth of diamonds and currency at Heathrow Airport, London.
1989: 25lb of Semtex explosive was found in woods near Scarborough nine days before the Conservative Party Central Council was due to meet.
1990: Department of Trade and Industry report on Harrods said al-Fayed brothers lied to the Office of Fair Trading when they bought House of Fraser.
1991: Ten Rochdale children held in care for nearly a year after allegations of Satanic ritual abuse were freed by judge who criticised Rochdale council and social workers for serious errors of judgment.
1992: England’s rugby team beat Wales 24-0 at Twickenham to complete a second successive Grand Slam.
2007: The House of Commons voted to make the upper chamber, the House of Lords, 100 per cent elected.
2009: Two soldiers were shot dead and two soldiers and two civilians wounded when the Real IRA attacked the Massereene Barracks in Antrim.
2012: Six British soldiers were killed in southern Afghanistan when their vehicle was hit by an explosion.
Rachel Weisz, actress, 45; William Boyd CBE, Scottish novelist and screenwriter, 63; Malcolm Chisholm, MSP, MP 1997-2001, 66; Ruthie Henshall, actress, 48; Nicholas Kraemer, Scottish harpsichordist and conductor, 70; Ivan Lendl, tennis coach and former world No 1 player, 55; Professor Duncan Macmillan, critic, art historian, Emeritus Professor, the University of Edinburgh, and former curator of the Talbot Rice Gallery, 76; Sir Vivian Richards OBE, West Indian cricketer, captain of West Indies 1985-91, 63; Tommy Sheridan, MSP 1999-2007, 51; Antony Charles Robert Armstrong-Jones, 1st Earl of Snowdon, photographer, 85; Sir Ranulph Twisleton-Wykeham-Fiennes OBE, explorer, 71.
Births: 1792 Sir John Herschel, astronomer; 1802 Sir Edwin Landseer, painter, sculptor, designer of bronze lions at base of Nelson’s Column; 1831 Henry Moore, painter; 1872 Piet Mondrian, artist; 1875 Maurice Ravel, French composer; 1924 Sir Eduardo Paolozzi, sculptor; 1958 Rik Mayall, actor and comedian.
Deaths: 1274 St Thomas Aquinas, Dominican theologian; 1867 Louis Boulanger, painter and lithographer; 1932 Aristide Briand, French prime minister and promoter of united Europe;
1957 Percy Wyndham Lewis, writer and artist; 1971 Stevie Smith, poet; 1999 Stanley Kubrick, film producer and director; 2013 Kenny Ball, British jazz trumpeter.