The UK Government’s policies have been a disaster for onshore wind and solar, but remarkably effective in reducing cost of offshore wind, writes Dr Richard Dixon.
A general election used to be a vital opportunity for the environment movement but since 1999 the Scottish Parliament has controlled most of the things that make a difference on the environment and climate change, from air quality standards and transport policy to agricultural subsidies and energy efficiency in buildings.
So is there much left to get excited about? Brexit is, of course, the main issue that will determine how many people cast their vote.
Leaving the EU is likely to be very bad for the environment as we face the threat of the UK Government trying to weaken environmental and consumer protections to do dodgy trade deals with the US, and we lose the opportunity to go the European courts to challenge government decisions with major negative impacts on the environment.
The other big area that affects us all is energy policy including the future of North Sea oil and gas.
In Scotland, we have our own renewables and energy efficiency targets, and we are due a revised energy strategy next year, but a great deal of energy policy is controlled by the UK Government, including the crucial rules of the energy market, which determines the viability of different generating technologies.
This has been disastrous in recent years for onshore wind and solar energy but remarkably effective in reducing the cost of offshore wind. So much so that it is now much cheaper than new nuclear power.
Pipedream of nuclear fusion
Tory policy is still to support new nuclear power, including throwing £200m at the pipedream of nuclear fusion. The one new nuclear station currently being built in the UK, at Hinkley Point in Somerset, is now running at least eight years late and, at around £22bn, nearly double the original cost estimate (and ten times the price being promoted in the late 1990s), with electricity bill payers paying higher energy bills for the next 35 years to fund it.
Given this experience, the Tory manifesto may well be a bit more restrained in its enthusiasm for nuclear than previously.
But Labour continues to battle with itself over nuclear, with the Green New Deal policy passed by the party in September including a commitment to investment in renewables and ‘low-carbon energy’ – code for more nuclear reactors.
Labour has even previously suggested the government would take a financial stake in struggling nuclear projects.
The Labour Party promises a fully costed manifesto. It will be fascinating to see what they think new nuclear reactors cost and how many they think they want to build.
Fracking lacks backing
The Lib Dems were against new nuclear until Ed Davey persuaded them to vote for it (and fracking) in 2013 so he could work as Energy and Climate Change Secretary in the UK coalition government.
They’ve changed their minds on fracking again but current policy is still to support a role for new nuclear power.
The SNP have traditionally been solidly against new nuclear reactors but a recent letter from the Energy Minister said the Scottish Government was “not actively pursuing” new smaller reactor designs. Not 100 per cent reassuring.
As you might expect, the Scottish Green Party are absolutely against new nuclear power. They are also against fracking, as are Labour, the Lib Dems, the SNP and supposedly now the Tories.
Although the recent Government moratorium on fracking in England was almost immediately undermined by civil servants suggesting there would be “considerable merit” in proposals to exclude local authorities from planning decisions related to fracking.
So, if someone comes to your door seeking your vote, ask them what they’ll do for you on energy.
Dr Richard Dixon is director of Friends of the Earth Scotland