On this day: Winton becomes first woman to read news

EVENTS, birthdays, anniversaries

In 1960 Nan Winton  right, with Barbara Castle in 1961  became the first woman to read the national news on BBC TV. Picture: Getty Images

1522: Holy Roman Emperor Charles V visited England and signed Treaty of Windsor with King Henry VIII, calling for invasion of France.

1605: Russia’s Tsar Theodore II was assassinated in palace revolution.

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1756: Night of the Black Hole of Calcutta. Some 156 British prisoners were put into a cell 20ft square on a hot June night when Suraja Dowla, Nawab of Bengal, captured Fort William. Only 23 survived.

1789: The French Revolution began.

1841: Samuel Morse patented telegraph.

1862: Congress prohibited slavery in US territories.

1885: Statue of Liberty arrived in New York City from France.

1887: The second Tay Bridge, the longest railway bridge in Britain, was opened.

1921: Major European powers agreed to mediate in dispute between Turkey and Greece.

1923: General “Pancho” Villa, Mexican guerrilla leader and revolutionary, was assassinated at Parral (Chihuahua).

1927: Greyhound racing began at White City Stadium in London.

1944: US troops took Saipan Island in Pacific from Japanese.

1949: “Gorgeous Gussie” Moran, American tennis player, caused a sensation at Wimbledon, wearing lace-trimmed underwear under a short skirt, designed by Teddy Tinling.

1960: Nan Winton became the first woman to read the national news on BBC television.

1961: Kuwait became independent.

1966: First black British police officer went on duty in Coventry.

1969: The discovery of high-grade crude oil deposits in the North Sea was announced, ten years after the first natural gas was found.

1970: Soviet spacecraft Soyuz 9 landed in Kazakhstan, establishing record for longest manned space flight at 17 days, 16 hours and 59 minutes.

1973: Juan Peron returned as president of Argentina after almost 20 years of exile.

1975: The first major world conference on status of women was held in Mexico City.

1977: Eight thousand miles of pipeline opened, carrying oil across Alaska.

1987: Basque separatists claimed responsibility after explosion in Barcelona department store garage killed 12 people.

1990: The Agra diamond was sold for a record £4,070,000 at Christie’s.

1990: Scotland bowed out of World Cup after 1-0 defeat by Brazil.

1995: Conservationists claimed a major victory as Shell abandoned plans to dump the disused Brent Spar oil rig in the Atlantic.

1997: Jonathan Aitken, the former Cabinet minister, faced criminal prosecution, a £2m legal bill and the ruin of his private and public life after dropping a High Court libel action against the Guardian and Granada TV.

2000: Peter Houghton became the first patient to receive the Jarvik 2000, the first totally artificial heart that could maintain blood flow in addition to generating a pulse.

2003: The Wikimedia Foundatio was founded in St Petersburg, Florida.

2008: An NHS region in Scotland announced plans to offer smokers cash incentives of £50 to quit the habit.

2010: It was revealed that the cost to Britain of the country’s commitments in Afghanistan and Iraq had soared to more than £20bn over the past decade.

BIRTHDAYS

Nicole Kidman, actress, 48; Danny Aiello, actor, 82; Candy Clark, model and actress, 68; Wendy Craig, actress, 81; Stafford Dean, opera singer, 78; Olympia Dukakis, actress, 84; Stephen Frears, film director, 74; Duchess of Gloucester, 69; John Goodman, actor, 63; Ronald Hines, actor, 86; Allan Lamb, cricketer, 61; Frank Lampard OBE, footballer, 37; Martin Landau, actor, 87; Raúl Ramirez, tennis player, 62; Lionel Richie, singer and songwriter, 66; Vikram Seth, novelist and poet, 63; Claire Tomalin, biographer, 82; Brian Wilson, musician (Beach Boys) and composer, 73; Anne Murray, singer, 70; John Mahoney, English-born American actor, 75; Brian Duffy, astronaut, 62.

ANNIVERSARIES

Births: 1723 Adam Ferguson, Logierait-born philosopher and pioneer of sociology; 1906 Dame Catherine Cookson, novelist; 1909 Errol Flynn, actor; 1916 Johnny Morris, naturalist and broadcaster; 1924 Chet Atkins, guitarist; 1924 Audie Murphy, actor and much decorated Second World War soldier.

Deaths: 1597 Willem Barents, Arctic explorer; 1837 William IV, the “Sailor King”; 1870 Jules de Goncourt, French writer; 1980 Gustav Pettersson, composer; 1991 Gerald Priestland, broadcaster; 1992 Sir Charles Groves, conductor; 1992 John Bratby, artist; 2012 Alexander Charles Robert “Alistair” Vane-Tempest-Stewart, 9th Marquess of Londonderry.