On this day: US golfers win Alfred Dunhill Cup

Events, birthdays and anniversaries for 17 October

On this day in 1993 the USs John Daly, Payne Stewart and Fred Couples celebrate winning the Alfred Dunhill Cup in St Andrews. Picture: Getty
On this day in 1993 the USs John Daly, Payne Stewart and Fred Couples celebrate winning the Alfred Dunhill Cup in St Andrews. Picture: Getty

1346: David II was taken prisoner at the Battle of Neville’s Cross, in Durham, and spent the next 11 years in captivity.

1651: Charles II escaped from Cromwell’s army across the English Channel.

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1850: James Young obtained a patent for the extraction of paraffin from shale, start of the paraffin industry in West Lothian.

1855: Henry Bessemer patented his process for making steel.

1860: The first professional golf tournament was held at Prestwick, and won by Willie Park.

1899: Boers defeated by British troops at Glencoe, South Africa.

1912: Millie and Christine, American Siamese twins, died aged 60. They had been continually exhibited and danced in a freak show chorus line.

1918: Republic of Yugoslavia was established formally.

1931: US gangster Al Capone was jailed for 11 years for tax evasion.

1945: Colonel Juan Peron staged coup in Buenos Aires and became absolute dictator of Argentina.

1956: Calder Hall in Cumbria, Britain’s first large-scale atomic energy station, was opened by the Queen.

1970: Anwar Sadat succeeded Gamal Nasser Egypt’s president.

1972: The Queen became the first reigning monarch to visit a communist country when she arrived in Yugoslavia.

1977: West German commandos stormed hijacked Lufthansa airliner at airport in Somalia and freed all 86 hostages aboard.

1990: The Pope allowed two married men to be ordained as priests on condition they gave up sex and live forever as brother and sister with their wives.

1991: Four ITV companies, TV-am, Thames, TVS and TSW lost their licences under changes announced by the Independent Television Commission.

1993: US golfers beat England, the holders, in Dunhill Cup.

1995: Report by the Scottish Constitutional Convention envisaged a Scottish parliament of 129 members elected by proportional representation.

2000: Four died and more than 100 were injured when a GNER King’s Cross to Leeds express was derailed at over 100mph at Hatfield, in Hertfordshire.

2001: New guidelines to prepare for terrorist attacks using bubonic plague, smallpox and botulism were sent to doctors and hospitals throughout Britain.

BIRTHDAYS

Matthew Macfadyen, actor, 40; Ernie Els, golfer, 45; Aravinda de Silva, cricketer, 49; Eminem (born Marshall Bruce Mathers III), rapper, 42; Alan Garner OBE, author, 80; Wyclef Jean, rapper (Fugees), 45; Sir Cameron Mackintosh, musical producer, 68; Ziggy Marley, reggae singer, 46; Kimi Raikkonen, Formula One champion 2007, 35; Jim Smith, football manager, 74; Mark Gatiss, actor, comedian, novelist, 48; Gregg Wallace, TV presenter, 50; Patrick Lambie, South African rugby union internationalist, 24; Rob Marshall, director and choreographer (Chicago), 54; Peter Stringfellow, nightclub owner, 74; George Wendt, actor (Cheers), 66.

ANNIVERSARIES

Births: 1727 John Wilkes, political agitator; 1918 Rita Hayworth, actress; 1920 Montgomery Clift, actor; 1921 George Mackay Brown, Orcadian poet and story-teller; 1925 Harry Carpenter OBE, sports commentator; 1938 Evel Knievel, stuntman; 1960 Bernie Nolan, actress and singer.

Deaths: 532 Pope Boniface II; 1586 Philip Sidney, poet, courtier and soldier; 1849 Frédéric Chopin, pianist and composer; 1998 Joan Hickson, actress.