On this day: The Three Tenors at Dodger Stadium

Events, birthdays and anniversaries for 16 July

The Three Tenors  from left, Placido Domingo, Jose Carreras, and Luciano Pavarotti  sing at LAs Dodger Stadium in 1994. Picture: AP

AD622: Traditional starting day of the Islamic Era, when a persecuted Muhammad fled from Mecca to Medina.

1328: David II, the son of Robert the Bruce, married Joan, the sister of Edward III. He was four years old, she was seven.

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1429: Joan of Arc and the French army marched into Reims.

1439: Kissing was banned in England to prevent the spread of germs.

1661: Europe’s first banknotes were issued by the Bank of Stockholm.

1832: Thirty-one Shetland “sixerns”, with a total of 105 crewmen, were lost in a storm. It is still remembered as “The Bad Day”.

1900: Russia launched an offensive against China in Manchuria.

1917: Lenin fled Russia disguised as a fireman after the provisional government put down Bolshevik uprising.

1918: Tsar Nicholas II of Russia and his family were executed by a Bolshevik firing squad at Ekaterinsburg, Siberia.

1936: The first X-ray photo of arterial circulation was taken in Rochester, New York state.

1945: First atomic bomb was exploded over desert in New Mexico.

1950: Uruguay defeated Brazil 2-1 to win the football World Cup in Rio de Janeiro.

1951: Belgium’s King Leopold III abdicated and was succeeded by his son Baudouin.

1951: Len Hutton scored his hundredth century for Yorkshire against Surrey at The Oval.

1951: JD Salinger’s novel The Catcher in the Rye was published.

1965: The seven-mile Mont Blanc road tunnel was opened, linking France with Italy.

1969: US Apollo 11 spacecraft was launched from Cape Canaveral, with Neil Armstrong, Edwin Aldrin and Michael Collins, to attempt first manned landing on Moon.

1970: The 13th Commonwealth Games opened in Edinburgh.

1979: Saddam Hussein succeeded Al-Bakr as president of Iraq.

1985: A bill to abolish the Greater London Council was given Royal assent.

1990: Former Soviet state, Ukraine, declared independence.

1991: British Airways chairman Lord King stopped his annual £40,000 donation to the Conservative Party, saying government policy had harmed the airline.

1993: Stella Rimington, head of MI5, met the press and revealed details of her organisation’s work in a booklet, The Security Service.

1994: A fragment of the Shoemaker-Levy 9 comet caused a mark the size of the Earth when it collided with the planet Jupiter at 138,000mph.

1994: The Three Tenors – Placido Domingo, Luciano Pavarotti and José Carreras – performed together in Los Angeles.

1996: Relatives of the 16 children killed in the Dunblane massacre appealed for tough gun controls when they met MPs at Westminster at the start of a campaign for early legislation.

1999: John F Kennedy jnr, piloting a Piper Saratoga aircraft, died when his plane crashed into the Atlantic Ocean off Martha’s Vineyard. His wife Carolyn Bessette Kennedy and sister-in-law Lauren Bessette were also killed.

2009: Nasa admitted it deleted the only high-resolution images of the first moonwalk in 1969.


Miguel Indurain, five-times Tour de France winner, 50; Stewart Copeland, rock musician (the Police), 62; Professor Anita Brookner CBE, novelist and art historian, 86; Phoebe Cates, actress, 51; Michael Flatley, Irish step dancer and dance impresario, 56; Shirley Hughes OBE, author and illustrator of books for young children, 87; Dr James Macmillan, composer, 55; Will Ferrell, actor, 47; Gareth Bale, Welsh international footballer, 25; Adam Scott, Australian golfer, 34; Margaret Court MBE, former Wimbledon tennis champion, 72; Sergio Busquets, footballer, 26; Dennis Priestley, darts player, 64.


Births: 1194 St Clare of Assisi, Italian saint; 1723 Sir Joshua Reynolds, portrait painter and first president of the Royal Academy; 1821 Mary Baker Eddy, religious reformer and founder of Christian Science movement; 1872 Roald Amundsen, explorer; 1887 “Shoeless” Joe Jackson, baseball player; 1901 Fritz Mahler, composer; 1911 Ginger Rogers, dancer and actress; 1907 Barbara Stanwyck, actress; 1941 Desmond Dekker, Reggae singer-songwriter.

Deaths: 1309 James Stewart, High Steward of Scotland; 1557 Anne of Cleves, fourth wife of King Henry VIII; 1882 May Todd Lincoln, US First Lady; 1960 Abrecht von Kesselring, Nazi general; 1965 Joseph Hilaire Belloc, writer and historian; 1989 Herbert von Karajan, conductor; 1995 Professor Sir Stephen Spender, poet and critic; 2003 Carol Shields, novelist (The Stone Diaries); 2008 Jo Stafford, singer; 2012 Jon Lord, musician (Deep Purple, Whitesnake, the Flower Pot Men).