On this day: Strathnaver Clearances | Michael Jackson acquitted

Events, birthdays and anniversaries for 13 June

Michael Jackson leaves court with his mother Katherine after being acquitted of child abuse charges on this day in 2005. Picture: AP

13 JUNE

1381: Wat Tyler led the first popular rebellion – against unpopular taxes – in English history. It has become known as the Peasants’ Revolt.

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1496: Act for compulsory education in Scotland was passed.

1819: The Strathnaver Clearances began on the Sutherland estates. Families were given about half-an-hour to remove belongings before their cottages were set ablaze.

1842: Queen Victoria, accompanied by Prince Albert, travelled from Slough to Paddington on the Great Western Railway, becoming the first British monarch to use such transport.

1866: Black civil rights were first enshrined in the United States Constitution with passing of the 14th Amendment.

1900: The Boxer Rebellion began in China – an uprising by a secret society dedicated to the removal of foreign influence.

1911: Stravinsky’s Petrushka was premiered.

1917: First German daylight air raid on London killed 162 and injured 432 people.

1930: Al Capone was arrested in Miami on a perjury charge.

1944: The first V-1 flying bomb, Hitler’s “secret weapon,” hit a house in Southampton, killing three people.

1951: Princess Elizabeth laid the foundation stone of the National Theatre on London’s South Bank.

1956: Real Madrid won the first European Cup final, beating Reims 4-3 in Paris.

1969: Withdrawal of United States combat troops from South Vietnam began with pullout of unit fighting in Mekong Delta.

1975: Inflation in Britain reached 25 per cent.

1977: The Commission for Racial Equality was established.

1981: Blanks were fired at The Queen as she rode to the Trooping the Colour ceremony. Marcus Sarjeant, 17, was held and later charged with treason.

1990: The official demolition of the Berlin Wall began.

1997: A controversial £100 million plan for an 70-shop mall under the length of Princes Street, Edinburgh, was unveiled.

2000: Italy pardoned Mehmet Ali Agca, the Turkish gunman who tried to kill Pope John Paul II in 1981.

2005: A jury in Santa Maria, California acquitted pop singer Michael Jackson of molesting 13-year-old Gavin Arvizo at his Neverland Ranch.

BIRTHDAYS

Alan Hansen, footballer and television pundit, 58; Tim Allen, actor, 60; Mark Bosnich, footballer, 39; Kathy Burke, British actress, 49; Kat Dennings, American actress, 27; David Gray, British singer, 45; Gwynne Howell, Welsh opera singer, 75; Lord King of Bridgwater, defence secretary 1989-92, 80; Malcolm McDowell, British film actor, 70; Kym Marsh, British actress and pop singer (ex-Hear’Say), 37; Ashley and Mary-Kate Olsen, American actresses, 27; Peter Scudamore, champion jockey and commentator, 55; Ally Sheedy, American actress, 51; Andreas Whittam Smith CBE, founder, Independent newspaper, and chairman, Board of Film Classification 1998-2002, 76.

ANNIVERSARIES

Births: 1831 James Clerk Maxwell, physicist; 1865 William Butler Yeats, Irish poet and playwright; 1893 Dorothy L Sayers, writer, creator of amateur sleuth Lord Peter Wimsey; 1910 Mary Whitehouse, television campaigner.

Deaths: 323BC Alexander the Great, aged 32; 1986 Benny Goodman, clarinettist known as the King of Swing; 1998 Reg Smythe, cartoonist (“Andy Capp”).