On this day: Sandy Lyle wins World Matchplay

Events, birthdays and anniversaries for 10 October

Golfer Sandy Lyle celebrates his victory in the World Matchplay Golf Championships at Wentworth on this day in 1988. Picture: Getty

1802: The Edinburgh Review was published. Its first editor was Sydney Smith and its aim was “to erect a higher standard of merit, and secure a bolder and a purer taste in literature, and to apply philosophical principles and the maxims of truth and humanity to politics”.

1839: The first Bradshaw’s Railway Timetable was issued. It continued publication until 10 March, 1961.

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1842: Britain proclaimed victory as first Afghan War ended.

1881: The Savoy Theatre, London, first public building to be lit by electricity, opened with a performance of Gilbert and Sullivan’s Patience.

1903: Mrs Emmeline Pankhurst formed the Women’s Social and Political Union to fight for female emancipation in Britain.

1913: Atlantic and Pacific Oceans were linked by the blowing up of the Gamboa Dam of Panama Canal.

1938: Nazi Germany completed occupation of Czechoslovakia’s Sudetenland.

1943: Republican General Chiang Kai-Shek took oath of office as president of China.

1951: First party political broadcast by Lord Samuel on behalf of the Liberal Party.

1961: A volcano erupted on the South Atlantic island of Tristan da Cunha and the whole population was brought to Britain.

1970: Fiji became independent, having been a British colony since 1874.

1974: Labour won the general election by an overall majority of three seats, and Harold Wilson became prime minister.

1981: An IRA bomb outside the Guards’ barracks, Chelsea, killed one and injured 40, including 25 Irish guardsmen.

1988: Sandy Lyle won the World Matchplay Golf Championship at Wentworth.

1988: Suspected Tamil militants attacked village in northern Sri Lanka, killing at least 47 people as they slept.

1990: Left-wing guerrillas bolted door of a passenger train carriage in southern India and set it on fire, killing at least 47.

1997: An Austral Airlines DC-9-32 crashed and exploded near Nuevo Berlin, Uruguay, killing 74.

2006: The Greek city of Volos flooded in one of the prefecture’s worst recorded floods.

2010: The Netherlands Antilles were dissolved.

BIRTHDAYS

Nicholas Parsons CBE, broadcaster, 91; Midge Ure OBE, rock singer, 61; Amanda Burton, actress, 58; Judith Chalmers OBE, television presenter, 78; Charles Dance OBE, actor and director, 68; Fiona Fullerton, actress and singer, 58; Sir Matthew Pinsent CBE, four times Olympic gold medallist oarsman, 44; Paul Sturrock, Ellon-born footballer and manager, 58; Chris Tarrant OBE, broadcaster, 68; Sir Willard White CBE, operatic singer, 68; David Lee Roth, singer-songwriter, actor (Van Halen), 70; Nora Roberts (aka Sarah Hardesty), novelist, 64; Robert Engle, Nobel Prize-winning economist, 72; Tony Adams MBE, football manager, 48; Alan Cartwright, musician (Procol Harum), 69.

ANNIVERSARIES

Births: Giuseppe Verdi, composer; 1917 Thelonious Monk, pianist; 1921 James Clavell, novelist; 1930 Harold Pinter, playwright; 1959 Kirsty MacColl, singer-songwriter.

Deaths: 1708 David Gregory, Aberdeen-born astronomer; 1983 Sir Ralph Richardson, actor; 1985 Orson Welles, actor, director; 2009 Stephen Gately, pop singer (Boyzone); 2010 Dame Joan Sutherland DBE, soprano.