On this day: Runner Zola Budd granted British citizenship

Events, birthdays and anniversaries on 6 April

On this day in 1984, 17-year-old South African barefoot runner Zola Budd was granted British citizenship. Picture: Bob Martin/Allsport
On this day in 1984, 17-year-old South African barefoot runner Zola Budd was granted British citizenship. Picture: Bob Martin/Allsport

1320: Declaration of Independence sent to Pope John XXII from the Scottish Parliament at Arbroath Abbey.

1789: George Washington was elected as first United States president.

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1830: The Mormon Movement (Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints), was founded in New York State by Joseph Smith.

1850: Koh-i-Noor diamond was sent from India to become part of British Crown jewels.

1866: Civil Rights Act, giving full citizenship to American blacks after Civil War, was passed by United States Congress.

1868: Ku Klux Klan was founded.

1886: Vancouver, British Columbia, was founded.

1893: The longest recorded boxing match with gloves, seven hours, 19 minutes, took place and ended in a draw. The fight, in New Orleans, lasted 110 rounds.

1896: Modern Olympic Games revived by Pierre de Coubertin at Athens.

1917: The United States declared war on Germany.

1944: Pay As You Earn income tax, devised by Sir Cornelius Gregg, came into operation.

1955: Sir Anthony Eden succeeded Sir Winston Churchill as Prime Minister.

1984: The 17-year-old South African barefoot runner Zola Budd, who was brought by the Daily Mail to Britain, was granted British citizenship by home secretary Leon Brittan after a matter of weeks.

1985: Henrietta Shaw became the first woman to cox Cambridge University in the boat race.

1988: Israeli settlers and Arab villagers clashed in West Bank village, killing two Palestinians and an Israeli girl.

1989: Muslim guerrillas fired missiles and rockets at Kabul and three other Afghanistan cities.

1992: European Community foreign ministers agreed to scrap its oil embargo on South Africa.

1993: Labour dropped its last commitment to nationalisation when it published its new proposals for industrial strategy.

1995: The Conservatives were all but eliminated from Scottish local government as Labour dominated council elections.

2000: MSPs voted 68-56 to go ahead with the Holyrood parliament building in Edinburgh, but with a fixed price of £195  million.

2004: Rolandas Paksas became the first president of Lithuania to be peacefully removed from office by impeachment.

2006: Almost 1,000 square miles of Scotland were placed under quarantine after the first British case of the deadly strain of H5N1 bird flu was confirmed in a swan found dead at Cellardyke in Fife.

2009: A 6.3 magnitude earthquake struck near L’Aquila, Italy, killing 307.

2011: In San Fernando, Tamaulipas, Mexico, almost 200 bodies were exhumed from several mass graves made by the powerful and violent criminal syndicate Los Zetas.

2012: Azawad Declaration of Independence was declared (from the Republic of Mali).