1494: Spain and Portugal, agreed the Treaty of Tordesillas which divided the New World between themselves.
1546: Peace of Ardres ended England’s war with France and Scotland.
1614: England’s Parliament was dissolved without having passed a bill, having failed to resolve the conflict over taxation between James I of England and VI of Scotland and the House of Commons.
1862: Britain and United States signed treaty for suppression of slave trade.
1901: The Carnegie Trust for the Universities of Scotland was formed by Andrew Carnegie.
1906: The Atlantic liner Lusitania was launched.
1921: First sitting of Northern Ireland Parliament.
1929: Ramsay MacDonald announced the composition of Britain’s second Labour government.
1931: Britain’s most violent earthquake tremors were felt between Scotland and the English Channel.
1939: King George VI became the first British monarch to visit the United States.
1940: Organised resistance against German invaders ended in Norway.
1946: Television resumed after the Second World War, with the announcement by Leslie Mitchell: “As I was saying before I was so rudely interrupted…”
1950: The Archers BBC radio serial was first broadcast.
1967: Israeli forces driving into Egypt reached banks of Suez Canal.
1975: The United States withdrew its last combat aircraft based on Nationalist Chinese island of Taiwan.
1988: First contingent of Indian troops sent to Sri Lanka ten months previously to enforce peace accord was withdrawn.
1990: Warsaw Pact agreed to abandon its role as guardian of Kremlin power in eastern Europe.
1992: An IRA bomb went off outside the Royal Festival Hall in London.
1995: The Appeal Court ruled that British Rail must continue to run the Fort William-London sleeper indefinitely.
1995: The Boeing 777 entered service with United Airlines.
2001: Tony Blair become the first Labour leader to secure two full terms as prime minister.
Sir Tom Jones, singer, 73; Ann Beach, British actress and singer, 75; Michael Cera, Canadian actor, 25; Lord Boyd of Duncansby, Lord Advocate 2000-6, 60; Dougie Donnelly, Scottish radio and television presenter, 60; Damien Hirst, artist, 48; James Ivory, American film director, 85; Anna Kournikova, Russian former tennis player, 31; Virginia McKenna OBE, British actress, 82; Liam Neeson OBE, Irish actor, 61; Orhan Pamuk, Turkish novelist, 61; Michael Pennington, British actor and writer, 70; Ronald Pickup, British actor, 73; Prince, rock singer, 55; Michael Fergus Bowes-Lyon, 18th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne, Captain of the Yeoman of the Guard 1991-4, 56.
Births: 1778 “Beau” Brummell, dandy and leader of fashion; 1811 Sir James Young Simpson, Bathgate-born pioneer of anaesthetics in childbirth; 1868 Charles Rennie Mackintosh, Glasgow-born architect and designer; 1877 Charles Glover Barkla, Edinburgh professor.
Deaths: 1329 Robert I (the Bruce), King of Scots; 1937 Jean Harlow, film actress; Dorothy Parker, poet and journalist; 1994 Dennis Potter, playwright.