On this day: Hurricane Rita made landfall in the US

Events, birthdays and anniversaries for 24 September

On this day in 2005 Hurricane Rita made landfall in the United States causing widespread flooding and disruption. Picture: AP

AD 867: Michael III of Eastern Empire was assassinated.

1568: Spanish captured English ships and booty at San Juan, Puerto Rico, from fleet under Sir John Hawkins.

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1688: France’s King Louis XIV declared war against the Holy Roman Empire.

1776: The oldest of the classic horse races, the St Leger, was first run at Doncaster.

1869: “Jubilee” Jim Fiske and Jay Gould tried to corner the gold market, causing financial “Black Friday” in United States.

1935: The first Jaguar car went on sale – for £385.

1943: Soviet army crossed Dnieper River north of Kiev as Germans retreated.

1947: A trainload of 1,200 Muslim refugees fleeing to Pakistan was massacred by Sikhs at Amritsar in the Punjab.

1948: First conference in London of representatives from Britain’s African colonies.

1960: The first nuclear-powered aircraft carrier, USS Enterprise, was launched at Newport, Virginia.

1971: Britain expelled 90 Soviets for espionage activities.

1972: Norway voted by 53.5 per cent not to join the EEC.

1977: United States and Soviet Union said high-level talks had narrowed their differences on proposed agreement limiting bomber and missile forces.

1990: East Germany formally withdrew from Warsaw Pact.

1990: The Supreme Soviet gave Mikhail Gorbachev sweeping powers to rule by decree for 18 months.

1991: Western hostage Jackie Mann, former Battle of Britain fighter pilot, was set free in Beirut after 28 months in captivity.

1994: Ten Haitians died in a firefight with United States marines in Cap-Haitien.

1995: Scot David Coulthard won the Portuguese Grand Prix at Estoril.

1996: US president Bill Clinton signed the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty at the United Nations.

2005: Hurricane Rita made landfall in the United States.

2007: GMTV’s competition phone-lines company, Opera Telecom, was fined £250,000 for picking potential winners before phone-ins closed.

2008: The Trump International Hotel and Tower in Chicago was topped off at 1,389ft (423m), becoming the world’s highest residence above ground-level.

BIRTHDAYS

Ally McCoist, Scottish footballer, manager and broadcaster, 52; Helen Lederer, comic actress, 60; Dame Elizabeth Blackadder DBE, Scottish artist, Painter and Limner to the Queen, 83; Jack Dee, comedian, 53; Brian Glanville, journalist and author, 83; Billy Kay, Scottish broadcaster and writer, 63; Gerry Marsden MBE (The Pacemakers), 72; Victoria Pendleton, Olympic cycling gold medallist, 34; John Rutter CBE, composer and conductor, 69; Owen Farrell, rugby internationalist, 23; John Watts Young, astronaut, 84; Mike Phelan, football coach and former player, 52.

ANNIVERSARIES

Births: 1725 Arthur Guinness, founder of the Guinness brewery; 1894 Tommy Armour, Edinburgh-born multi-major winning golfer; 1896 Francis Scott Fitzgerald, novelist and short story writer; 1931 Anthony Newley, actor, singer and composer.

Deaths: 1920 Peter Carl Fabergé, Russian artist and jeweller famous for his intricately decorated Fabergé eggs; 1991 Theodor Geisel (aka Dr Seuss), children’s author; 1991 Peter Bellamy, folk singer; 2004 Francoise Sagan, novelist.