On this day: Hijacked jets crash into World Trade Centre

Events, birthdays and anniversaries for 11 September

Rescue workers in action at the World Trade Center in New York following the terrorist attack on this day in 2001. Picture: Reuters
Rescue workers in action at the World Trade Center in New York following the terrorist attack on this day in 2001. Picture: Reuters

1297: Battle of Stirling Brig. William Wallace and Andrew de Moray, defeated the English.

1777: The battle of Brandywine Creek took place in the American War of Independence when the British, under General Howe, defeated George Washington.

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1855: Sebastopol was taken by the Allies after capitulation of the Russians in the Crimean War.

1909: Halley’s Comet was first observed in Heidelberg.

1945: Japan’s former premier Hideki Tojo attempted suicide, but recovered and later was executed as war criminal.

1962: Soviet Union issued warning that any United States attack on Cuban or Soviet ships bound for Cuba would mean war.

1962: The Beatles recorded their first single, Love Me Do, for the Parlophone label.

1972: BBC television quiz programme Mastermind was first transmitted.

1973: Eleven African miners were shot dead during a riot at a gold mine near Johannesburg.

1978: Bulgarian defector Georgi Markov was attacked and stabbed in the leg with a poisoned umbrella point in London. He later died.

1988: Thousands of Iraqis marched past United States embassy in Baghdad to denounce American charges of Iraqi chemical weapons use.

1990: The official report into the Lockerbie air disaster recommended reinforcing civil aircraft.

1994: There were renewed calls for a clamp-down on rave events after the fourth death in Scotland in as many months, .

1997: After a nationwide referendum, Scotland voted to establish a devolved parliament, within the United Kingdom.

2001: Two hijacked passenger jets smashed into the Twin Towers of New York’s 110-storey World Trade Centre. A third hijacked aircraft crashed into the Pentagon building in Washington, and a fourth, believed to be heading for the presidential retreat Camp David, crashed near Pittsburgh. The death toll was 2,973,

2008: A fire on a freight train carrying chemicals in the Channel Tunnel caused widespread disruption for travellers.

2012: Dunblane’s Andy Murray ended Britain’s 76-year wait for a male Grand Slam singles champion with victory over Novak Djokovic in the US Open final.

BIRTHDAYS

Graeme Obree, Scottish cylist, 49; Richard Ashcroft, singer, 43; Franz Beckenbauer, German football manager and former player, 69; Catherine Bott, soprano 62; Paul Cole, racehorse trainer, 73; Harry Connick Jr, singer, 47; Brian De Palma, film director, 74; Amy Madigan, actress, 64; Virginia Madsen, actress, 53; Moby, composer and musician, 49; Brian Perkins, newsreader, 71; Jeff Sluman, golfer, 57; Roger Uttley OBE, rugby player and coach, 65; Johnny Vegas, actor and comedian, 44; Mickey Hart, drummer (the Grateful Dead), 71; Bashar Al Assad, president of Syria, 49; Taraji Henson, actress and singer, 44; Matthew Stevens, snooker player, 37.

ANNIVERSARIES

Births: 1700 James Thomson, Scottish poet and playwright, author of lyrics to Rule Britannia; 1815 Allan Robertson, St Andrews-born golfer; 1885 DH Lawrence, novelist.

Deaths: 1968 Tommy Armour, Edinburgh-born major-winning golfer; 1971 Nikita Khrushchev, Soviet Communist leader and prime minister 1958-1964; 1994 Jessica Tandy, actress; 2006 William Auld, Scottish poet, author and translator.