On this day: Camp David peace deal

Events, birthdays and anniversaries for 17 September

On this day in 1978, Egyptian president Anwar Sadat and Israeli premier Menachem Begin embrace after Camp David peace deal. Picture: Getty
On this day in 1978, Egyptian president Anwar Sadat and Israeli premier Menachem Begin embrace after Camp David peace deal. Picture: Getty

1665: Great bubonic plague broke out in London.

1745: Prince Charles Edward Stuart entered Palace of Holyroodhouse, Edinburgh.

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1787: Thirty-nine delegates, under the chairmanship of George Washington, approved the constitution of the USA.

1871: The seven-mile Mont Cenis railway tunnel opened in Switzerland.

1900: Commonwealth of Australia proclaimed as a federal union of six states.

1908: Lieutenant Thomas Selfridge of the United States Army Signal Corps was killed in a crash with Orville Wright in Fort Meyer, Virginia, to become the first aeroplane fatality.

1931: Long-playing records were first introduced, with a demonstration held at the Savoy Plaza Hotel in New York City.

1939: The USSR invaded Poland.

1949: Fire destroyed Noronic, largest passenger steamer on Great Lakes, at Toronto pier, killing more than 130 people.

1961: More than 800 arrested at Ban the Bomb demonstration in London.

1964: US disclosed development of two weapons systems capable of intercepting and destroying armed satellites.

1970: Open warfare erupted in Jordan between King Hussein’s army and Palestinian guerrillas.

1978: Egypt’s president Anwar Sadat and Israel’s prime minister Menachem Begin concluded meeting at Camp David in United States with signing of framework for Middle East peace.

1981: Twelve divers began work to recover 431 gold ingots, valued at £40 million, from HMS Edinburgh, which sank in Barents Sea in 1942.

1990: Britain ordered the expulsion of two Iraqi military attaches and six support staff after EEC countries’ embassies Kuwait were ransacked by Iraqi troops.

2001: Wall Street suffered its biggest one-day fall – 750 points – amid fears the 9/11 attacks could cause a global recession.

2007: The government took the unprecedented step of guaranteeing all deposits in Northern Rock after four days of turmoil in which savers withdrew £2 billion from the bank.

2008: Lloyds TSB agreed a £12 billion takeover deal of Halifax Bank of Scotland after HBOS suffered a run on its shares.

BIRTHDAYS

Keith Flint, musician (Prodigy), 45; Sir Stirling Moss, racing driver, 85; Ken Doherty, 1997 world snooker champion, 45; Damon Hill OBE, world champion racing driver, 54; Dame Tessa Jowell DBE, Labour MP, 67; Desmond Lynam OBE, television presenter, 72; Rita Rudner, American actress, 61; 32; Kyle Chandler, actor, 49; Catherine Tyldesley, actress (Coronation Street), 31; Michael French, actor (EastEnders and Casualty), 52; Narendra Modi, prime minister of India, 64; Tomas Berdych, tennis player, 29; wayne Riley, golfer, 52; Billy Bonds MBE, former footballer and manager, 68; Edgar Mitchell, pilot and astronaut, 84; Brian Matthew, BBC radio presenter, 86.

ANNIVERSARIES

Births: 1271 Wenceslaus II, king of Bohemia and Poland; 1552 Pope Paul V; 1748 Robert Wainwright, composer; 1897 Sir Isaac Wolfson, philanthropist, founder of Wolfson Foundation; 1901 Sir Francis Chichester, yachtsman and aviator; 1916 Mary Stewart (Lady Stewart), novelist.

Deaths: 1771 Tobias George Smollett, novelist; 1869 John Elder, Glasgow-born marine engineer and shipbuilder; 2000 Paula Yates, TV presenter and writer.